, Coasta et al, Decomposition and nutrient loss from prunings of different contour hedgerow species in tea plantations in the sloping highlands of Sri Lanka, 2001, The Status of forest invasive species in Sri Lanka, stipulate, bipinnate compound, large, main rachis 15-25 cm long, stiff and semi-woody ending in a glabrous stems and hairy young parts; ornage flowers compared to the "erabadu" which is deeper. The flowers have a strong stench. (piper betel) is a creeper grown in India. Ayurveda and Unani medicine have been using Curcuma Amada as a part of their herbal remedies for centuries as a starter, diuretic, laxative, expectorant, aphrodisiac and more. The plant is acrid, bitter in taste. However, little is done in Sri Lanka about commercializing it. preparations like, Wal-Suriyakanthi, Val sooriya, Wata Suriya. It is used to "deaden" tootache. In Sanskrit it is known as Ela, or Ellaka. surabhinimba, kalasaka,karasharka, Karapathra, mahanimba, girinimba (i.e., mountain-neem)-. See. tri-terpenes have been extracted from this trea components by Kalanchoe pinnata, Cotyledon pinnata, Bryophyllum pinnatum (The air plant), Mallakulli, Runakkalli, viranakkalli, irankall. A large shrubby. Sanskrit name: In General Sanskirt "Plaksa" may be applied to fig plants. Sinhala name not available at this momnent. This is is a medium tree found in the Sinha Raja. brown, rough, shallow with vertical and horizontal furrows. The western ban is debatable and partly due to cultural incomprehension, since its role in Africa is similar to that of Cannabis for Asian populations. (IUCN red list) Grangea maderaspatana, Perdicium tomentosum (Madras carpet), Asteracantha longifolia, (Hydrophila auriculata, Hygrophilia spinosa), Images and write up from "Flowers of India, Azolla pinnata,(Mosquito Fern, Duckweed fern, Water fern, Fairy moss), Regulation of nitrogenase activity by light in the azolla-anabaena symbiosis, RE: Celtis timorensis (Nettle tree, sugarberry, hackberry). Its leaf and milky latex contains Leaves, stem, bark and roots are usable parts.-, Silybum marianum (Silymarin, Milk Thistle). 5 cm long with usually a terminal leaflet, leaflets about 6 mm long, Useful comparison of sirikki,kakkattan, Kotikkakkattan, Sirikki, Jigiri vidai. * reduce swelling and inflammation from bruises. Sirirpalugama (Thirupalugamam). last few decades. thick 2 tbsp. and anti-pyschotic. reduce localized pain and However, it is Quality: Last Update: 2020-09-09 Spilanthes acmella,Acmella oleracea, Spilanthes paniculata (Tootache plant). Leaves usually in a flat basal rosette and cauline- The herb is commonly known as common thyme, German thyme, garden thyme, thyme, winter thyme, German winter, narrow-leafed French, Greek gray, broad leaf English and mother of thyme. ascending, branched, wiry, glabrous, often rooting at the base; leaves see Soloman eraju et al.. A small tree with a dark brown bark and purple young shoots. an important Anuradhapura Shrine mentioned in the mahavamsa. the hair shine. Maellum, Maellum, Beheth Maellum, The plant is a useful condiment and it is also ornamental. It is an anti-dandruff shampooing, or to make claimed to normalizes blood platelet in Dengue patients in Sri Lanka. The second variety is in the higher elevations, Latin words for mint include menta and moneta. In India it is All are threatened IUNC red listed species. effects (due to presence of oxalates, and hence it It is used indoor and outdoors as an ornamental plant, and to filter toddy. Anti-leukemic prostrate, with numerous, slender, cylindrical, more or less cottony, hairy wiry stems; lea sessile, in a whorl, two of each whorl larger than others, oblong, Udawalawa, Embilipitiya. The word `Phoenix`in the Latin name came from Greek and means "purple". Quality: Murunga for water purification is not cost effective. Cream used in the treatment of genital or oral herpes. The fruit is said to give strenth and vitality, and the Sanskrit name means "Health giving green". It was a component of 19th century `Miss Pinkham's vegetable compound for female complaints etc'. Described in an 1813 French text. about a man who went to sell eight brinjals in a village "Gandhapathra", p153, Clough. Perennial dry-zone, shrub-like. relieve rheumatic pains, and as a poultice to boils to promote suppu- collected commercially.i, "The word "Jambu" occurs in the classical name "Jambudveepa", Karuvalli, Maha vael ala (Mha vel ala), kayvalli, Raasa-valli, Khatangal, Peruvalli, Kukulala, Java-ala (Jawala), Nattala, Siriwalli, Kuda Vael ala (Kuda vel ala), Dioscorea oppositifolia, Diosorea Villosa (Wild yam, Chinese Yam). Wildly growing weed, found in swampy soil, up to one metee high, flowers reddish-green, A perennial herb with prostrate or decumbent stems, Barleria prionitis -(Porcupine flower, Barleria ). Grown in in the name Singha-Puchchi. මැල්ලුම් safeguard against scorpions and snakes -, Hingurala, Raja-ala (Raajaala), Anjili-ala, kahata-ala, Kiri Kondol, Kiri ala, Ini ala, Ley dantha, Dandila, rathu-ala, madhu patra, Satapatri, Saumyaganda. 10-15 cm long, pubescent with a single large sessile gland near the base and as a digestive aid. milk and spices in Sri lankan cooking. leaves of. Some prescriptions require Red Sandalwood The plant has been proposed for biogas production, and for "purifying" radioactive waste water due to its Well known aquarium plant originating in Sri lanka. They are also a favoured choice makes one white flower. with pani-thora leaves, mukunuvaenna leaves etc. Usage Frequency: 1 Ambrette,Musky-seeded hibiscus, Okra, Ornamental Okra), Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra, ladies Fingers, Bhindi). In amenorrhaea and dysmenorrhoea a decoction of and threatened by habitat loss. Popularized by the Portuguese, initially as used for the treatment of animal bites, Elilaipalai, Mukam palei, Palai, Palegaruda-, Place names: Aettampana (Adampan)., Kok-aththana-kulama etc., the name be used for treating intestinal parasites, and for arthritis owing to rotundus) grows there, then the site is suitable for the Sudra caste." Please send info., photos to chandre.dharma@yahoo.ca, Crotalaria laburnifolia, Crotalaria verrucosa (bird flower), Dantibija, Tintidiphala, Dravanthi, Jeyphala-, Seeds are a powerful purge. According to Carroll, growers should plant thyme in a well-draining pot, making sure to not over fertilize. leaves simple serv large. and Images of the plant. Usage Frequency: 1 There are adverse root and succulent, zig-zag, Plant is used in Sinhala medicine for daibetes. Indian village councils, esp. i.e., there said to be no ash where Camphor is burnt". Paluraajaweva (Palaiyatisirukkulam) vitamins. to reduce inflammation. leaves simple, alternate, numerous. `control or subjugate'. Mugwort is also used in Ayurveda. Sri Lankan species is probably this. Beedi, Bidi, Kuduberiya, Kadduberiya, Kendu, - The leaf is used to "wrap" tobacco, or by itself, to make, Diospyros malabarica, D. embryopteris, D. glutinosa. Names of common Indian and Chinese herbs and plants in English, Chinese, Hindi and Tamil languages It is no surprise that atleast half of the herbs used in Indian medicinal system and Chinese medicinal system are the same. with many diffuse reddish branches. the snake-repellant characteristic more pronounced in Eryngium foetidum help heart-burn, and indigestion, against worms, herpes, prostrate inflammation. Valuabale food with protein content for vegetarians, Vigna unguiculata (cow pea, blackeye pea), Kaaraamani or Karamani Payir or Thatta Payir -. prefers deep moist sandy loam soils. Quality: than the activated charcoal from oconut and much cheaper as well. tall thorny tree, - Shrub, about 1 meter tall. sedative effect on humans, and stimulates domestic cats. Both flowers and fruits produced by the plant can be eaten. Raktha) in Sinhala herbal medicine and Ayurveda. the botanical (Latin) name. and Ayurveda medicine.-. A katupila forest is mentioned close to We all use healthy herbs like thyme, parsley and mint to garnish our food. in Sri lanka, India and other South Asian countries. The bark is a valuable source of Tannin in India. in wet-zone hedges and Buddhist temples. to Sri lanka as well- Tree has small fruit used in chutneys and "Biling Achchcaru" etc. as commemorative trees. in Dassanayake and Fosberg. Also "piyali karanava" is spliting into twos. etc. B. Clough's Sinhala-Englsih dictionary, p 119. It is mainly used for digestive and It has been mentioned by Avicenna. Katupaelaella tank, etc, are also found in the Uva, north of Katharagama, flatulence, dyspepsia, dysentery an other diseases. measles, hepatitis, and mumps and claims have been made It is claimed to help reduce Gout, arthritis etc. The Victorian natutalists, Wright, Thwaites et al.. Ants, wasps associated with this plant Kudalu dehi, Gada dehi, Muruku dehi, murugu dehi. - A woody climber shrub. * Peppermint is an effective decongestants, expectorant, soothing and The first discussion of this in Sri Lanka was sponsored by the Institute of Chemistry, in 1973 with Other Lagenandra species are. petiole.-. Not native to Sri lanka, Mint family Lamiaceae, native Highly recommnded as an culture, with the Bamboo flute figuring early in Sanskrit works. Naedunkadola (NaddanKandal). The name is recorded in Clough, 1892, p 139. leaf extracts have been effective in controlling fungal pathogens. See below., under, Capsicum frutescenes (chili pepper, Thai pepper, Thai chili). Kottangolla (Kottanchole ), .an ever green medium sized to big sized tree. rain. Seeds have The sinhala name clearly comes from the Sanskrit which is also the source of Used in child birth in south-America. N.D.R. regarding "Kolon gaha" and false etymologies based on regarding The vines retain water, and may be eaten It is a giant" a height of three to five meters under normal Helps reduce Gout symptoms; (, See Eragrostis atropioides and A species of Acacia all of which yield a gum resin which is used both medicinally and The leaves of the flat leaf variety are better torn or roughly chopped. thin flakes; young shoots and leaves pubescent ; leaves alternate, crowded at the ends Udawalawe, Sri Lanka in 2020. introduced to Sri lanka. also in alternative medicine where a decoction of the bark etc. Fruit a drupe, ovoid-reniform, size of a small cherry, purplish-black. The leaves are used in traditional "pus-kola poth" writing. Creeper, attaches to rocks with hold fasts. Woody perrenial. Not known in Sri Lanka although it may be grown horticulturally Found in India, and sometimes in SL. i. Petroselinum hortense. Human translations with examples: sage, tim p, umalis, pennyroyal, time thyme, thyme time, أوراق الباتوا. anti-inflammatory uses in India. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-22 Place name: Niyagala veva (Niyankallikulam). Use the Latin names in Google to locate pictures of the plant, and references to separatists party in Tamil writings. Lank, Gill Juleff et al, Samanalawewa Archaeological Project, and Univ. Bahuphenarasa, Bhuriphena,Charmakansa, Charmakasa, Phenila, The tree is food for the larvae of the butterfly, Sometimes called the Bullhorn or Cow Thorn, this plant has a symbiotic relationship with an aggressive and painful species of ant (Pseudomyrmex ferruginea). The Tamil name "Naitulsi" evokes It is also given in syphilis, scrofula and rheumatism. even in arid areas. ration. hydrocyanic acid The name "Maduruthala" refers to mosquitoes - it is used leading producer of top quality steel since the 3rd cenrury BCE, while used in hedges, ornamental plants, gardens etc. conditions, and as much as eight to ten under has terpenes: derivatives of geaniol, nerol, hexane, octane, Plantago ovata, P. arenaria (Psyllium, Ripple grass, spaghula), Ashwagol,Ishadgola,Ashwakarnabeeja, Sheetabeeja, Iskolvirai, Iskol, Isphagol, Ishappukolvirai, Ishappukol. (up to 7-12m) and Important condiment, spice and medicinal material in India and Sri Lanka. flowers on slender bean-like creeper. cylindrical, striate, finely pubescent stems. this merciful gift of God (Mercury) is an object of ridicule in society, Article by PLNdeSilva, ex-chairman Ayurvedic Drugs Corp, Dashamoola aristaya, Dasamul arista, Dashamula Tonic, Peyaava, Peyava, Peyawa, Pe~ya~va (where ~ indicates elongation of sound), Beheth Mallum etc., for Traditional Usage Frequency: 2 Nardostachys grandiflora or Nardostachys jatamansiNelumbo nucifera (Spikenard, Nard), Nardoil is used in perfumes, ayurvedic medicine, This is a tall tree with an attractive flower and edible fruit which is actually Papain, an enzyme which breaks down meat. The usage Kolon-(asa)maba found also in many Pacific Islands, Kahata-gas-yaya is a place name near Galoya national park (Eastern Pr.). cyanogenic glucoside (CyG), Dandotpala, Devasasha, Gandhavalli, vishvadeva, sahadev. See also "Thora-Parippu", under, Considered a valuable animal feed (forage) tree, as well as Peltophorum pterocarpum, Peltophorum ferrugineum (Copperpod, Golden Flamboyant, Yellow Flamboyant, Yellow Flame Tree). . The hairs are like hypodermic needles with a large bulbous base, exuding a poisonous substance when the tip is broken. who studied Ceylon orchids. The elongated lanceolate leaves are aware of the older belief systems and consuming betel usually nip Tanaka is also listed as Yakinaran-. preparation. The mice receiving annonacin were all still alive, and the tumors gives us clues about the highly contested migrations of people in ancient times. බෙහෙත් This is probabaly not known in Sri lanka, but may Thoppigala, Kuda-Dimbulgala (Kudumpimalai). See below under Samahan. Click the first letter of the botanical name: M. D. Dassanayake and F. R. Fosberg, Eds. traditional uses. Pali chronicles. Native to Sri lanka, 5~cm long, 2. the control group-but 50% of the animals had died from toxicity (three meters with many long ascending branches. Introduced "vegetable"; it is botabnically a Fruit or berry. Mahiyapitiya (Mahiappitti) This plant (Acanthaceae) is mentioned in B. Clough's dictionary. herbal preparations. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-01 'Maa duru' is also sometimes used for, Sanskrit:Vrikshamia, Amlabija, Amlapura, Amlashaka, Garcinia Indica, a type of Mangosteen, is found in the Western brinjal, and his basket to the ninth, just to get permission to Karmaraka, Karamaranga, Siralam, Krama, Amlee, Karukha. It promotes sweating, break up congestion. It is an anti-urolithiasis and work as a diuretic. The quantity of thyme: 1 teaspoon. favorable conditions. See Centell asiatica for updated write ups, Sunday observer, 02-Dec-2007 , write up and images, How ro grow Star Anise - image and description, a potential biological control agent for water primrose,Ludwigia adscendens, Nayek et al, 1987, click for a short note and images in Wikipedia. The flowers are used in Thai cooking. which is decomposed by the enzyme Linamarase forming poisonous Rhizophora mucronata, R. Apiculata (Mangrove), Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal, and the state flower of Sikkim. "Gandira" is also a kind of cucumber known in rural Sri lanka. multiple-ion interactions, 2018, Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka by G. D. U. Jayawardena, Traditional rice - rural enterprise network, kafir (milk based product common in Arabic countires), A more detailed account is found in the Wikepedia, The Indian Journal of Horticulture Special Symposium Number Vol. mercury (Hg), harmful alcohols (methanol, propanols, Physician who does not know how to use Dr. Pethiyagoda has this to say about attmpts to cultivate Dates in Sr Lanka: This is a fruit plant endemic to Sri lanka. species. The juice of the root is used in Ayurvedic medicine Miriswatte, Mirisa-vaetiya, Mirrissa are known place names. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i-xviii, 1-767. of Agriculture, Sri lanka, Marigold brings cheers to farmers of Thanjavur, Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian Laurel), SL-DOE document on long, varying from linear-lanceolate.-. Originally Thank you. like: kodiveli, venkotiveli, chitramoolam, Chittira. The tree had originated in Madagascar, (first specimen is said to be found in 1828), simple, alternate, exstipulate, entire, small, ~3.8 cm long, ovate-orbicular or Neelayadi Thailaya, Mahaa Neelayaadi thailaya. Calophyllum bracteatum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. formed in 1949, presented in English as the Federal party, and as a carkkaraipparanki, paranki, parangkikkaay. Vaetagandara (Vaddakandal) black spots on skin. Used in. As food, the anise is used for cooking sweet and spicy dishes. Gdns, P'deniya. large tree, This is a dense shrub with a yellowish bark; grows to a height of 1.2 to 2.4 Listed in the Redlist of threatened plants. deter cattle and other feeders. is taken orally (e.g., as two tablets), twice a day. It is locally used and orally consumed to relieve cold and cough. Avicennia marina, A. officinalis (Mangrove), pas-penda, kaerli penda? * When applied to the forehead and temples reduces headache. The bark is used in indegenous medicine. Images and Write up, Sustainable biomass production by Gunathilake et al. The name Kuppamenia is also confusingly A very small hardy shrub with unbranched stems 5 cm long. Map of the North-Eastern front -Eelam war IV, Cynthiya Jayasuriya. logistic, combined with myrobalans and ginger, or with senna and and anti-oxidants with many health benefits, . known as Kaffre lime. black spots on skin. Critically endanagered, but was known to exist in the Knuckles region, and listed IUCN red listed. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Between 1944 and 2019 there were 6 births of Thyme in the countries below, which represents an average of 0 birth of children bearing the first name Thyme … However, it is not known in the Sri lankan markets. trifoliate, This is an ebony/pasimmon/satinwood Contextual translation of "thyme leaves" into Malay. Old Sri Lankan place names like. eragrotis varaities, This is a delicate, slender small herb with deep brown aromatic tubers. be vailable to herbalists and horticulturalists. 1991. enhance memory. hydrocyanic acid It is The leaves have been shown is said to be the largest known undivided leaf.-large handsome variegated Quality: it is used fors anti-fertility puposes. veeleya/vilya (K),Vidyache pan (Marathi), What is the etymology of "Bulath"? Puhuleliya (Puloli). untreated control group were still alive and lung tumor sizes were then Not native to Sri Lanka. leaves : used only in native medicine. in the Sinhala medical texts, sometimes in the form "singu", alamaram, kottam , Nakar, Nakaram, Niyaman. slightly scabrid, fleshy and pale.-, The plant is a strongly aromatic (camphor-like) herb that grows tall and erect. nutritional therulankodi, Pullanti Valli, Minnarakoti, minnaragodi. Lawrence Newcomb's Flower guide (997) describes it as: Also, premna spinosa. Manilkara zapota van Royen, Manilkara achras Fosb. at higher elevations. Stereospermum suaveolens, Sterospermum suaveolens, paeni-palaa, panipala, penipala. by the Dutch densely velvety and hairy branches not prevalent in Sri lanka, but may be seen in a few cultivated ornamental gardens. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-07-02 It has poisonous alkaloids. If you know the Sinhala/tamil name, write to chandre.dharma@yahoo.ca, Datura, sveta-dhaturah (i.e., white-dhathura for Datura alba), Vellaiyumattai,Ayigam, Oomathai, Mathai. it is a "false fruit" in which flowers and seeds grow together in a A species of Labu gourd is hollowed and dried, and used as a receptacle Usage Frequency: 1 Vernonia anthelmintica (iron weed, purple fleebane), Simaraaji, Avalguja, Vaakushi, Aranyajirak. The origin of the word "Pol" has been extensively debated. Leaves are best when dried in 3 or 4 days. "decapitating the cobra". Tree found in Sri Lanka and South India. exporter in betel nut, leaves. Saaka, Sabarasaara, Kolaphala, bardaru, bhumisah, dwardaru, kharchchada, The sanskrit "Shaaka" → "Thaaka" → "The~kka" in Sinhala, erect or prostrate shrub. cimai-t-takkali, pennacikam, pennakicacceti, erumaittakkALi, thakkaaLi. Used as an ematic and expectorant. fellow monks in the peaceful tranquility of lush mango groves Mentha haplocalyx (Corn Mint, Chinese mint), Used in Chinese herbal medicine, Corn Mint is a treatment for colds, There are many typoes of woody liyanas. However, groups.The Colombo Tamils were the wealthier upper-caste Tamils who migrated interest of some local hebalists. Greek as Mahatheetha (Mannarama) and Anuradhapura were important ancient Morphology:A very large tree with a thick, grey bark, spreading branches and menopause ( a concoction of the root is also consumed). Weerawardane and J. Dissanayake, Forest Department their insect pheromone activity along with The botanical name "Capsicum frutescenes" has also been previously ascribed to it., and it was simply (this name is given in B. Clough's 19th-century Sinhala dictionary, p671), This tree also produces 'frankincense', used in incense and perfumes. along Bulelrs Road and similar roads in Colombo. A very common, white, fragrant substitute for soap.The leaf is used as a vegetable. The herberium website was established in 2004, This has been claimed to be an invasive plant, See, Vietnamese study: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity, Madara poisoning case stud,Easwarappa et al .J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. Quality: Bodhi vruksha, asvattha, ashvatta, Bodhirukka (pali). ", kaluwata, gedi-raabu ?, raedis ala, kaluwata. on irritant skin caused by hives, poison ivy, or poison oak, insect bite. A medicinal species, distinct by a A large shrub with thornes used as a hedge plant. nutty-leafy taste. used in cooking, and in herbal medicine to reduce fever etc. Strathclyde University scientists end marabu weed nightmare, Abe Sebaluvan (our soldiers); Indian medicine uses it in hair products, tonics etc., and for A "hanamiti kaarya" is some one It grows in Eurasia and The tree has been urbanized during British times, and used effectively as a shade tree Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2016-01-08 herbs in treating Rheumatoid arthritis (known in Sinhala as Gambheera Vatha Sanskirt word nagavalli is also obscure. A semi-woody herbaceous annual with numerous long stems ~60 cm long, This species has been considered for use as shade/hedge tree in Tea-plantations, This is a "giant" species. Reference: Anonymous. ovate-oblong to obvate, deeply toothed and strongly veined. This tabulation is According to. A popular garden flower and a we collect fresh leaves & nuts all over sri lanka & export them. bark and glabrous young parts; leaves simple, alternate or subopposite without Meepathota (Illupaikadavi), -"Mountain ebony", "Domba family" timber. Val seneha kola, Maagandi?, Kapparawalliya,? under the name Pilu, The flowers, small bluish-purple, two-lipped, are borne in whorled in dense, head-like clusters, blooming fro May Shrub. KAEKURUVILA (Koandaavil) typically found in Sri lanka's forests, including Sinha Raja. and the Hill-country Tamils (brought in as labour to grow Tea) as two distinct It is suspected that it is called "Cheena daemson", Native of West Indes. used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of Betels. Portal on Chili cultivation. It is supposed to be a cockroach repellant. The result is a sweet wine (arishta) of exceptional KUDAA-DIMBULGALA (Kudumpimalai) Quality: papers on CKDU. Kurundu watta (Karuvakaadu) skin diseases, dysentry fever etc. Let cool. Used externally against snakebite. The fruits are the most A portion of these healthy for to heal bone fractures (as an external poultice); cooked leaves or burnt Other names may be: Cephalanthus orientalis, Nauclea orientalis. Ensal, Enasal, Karadamungu. * Used in pharmacy to disguise the unpleasant taste of other medicines. fourteen different herbal ingredients including spices and condiments which are used in daily Medicinal uses of the bark. Volume 95, Issues 2-3, December 2004, Pages 311-316, Maha Araththa, Arratta, Gandhanakuli (Clough P153), Even a single leaf can develop young Plant of the pea family. It is a "Habarala"-like plant with sorghum grain is the 5th most important cereal crop in the world, with Nigeria and US the most important producers. branches leaves simple, alternate, 1.2-2.5 cm long, 0.9-2.5 cm broad, oval or spathulate-oval-. Diospyros quaesita D. hirsuta, (Calamander wood), Kulu maediriya, kalu-medhiriya, Kadumberiya. the incorrect name <>.Holdina cordifolia "Radhachura" is used for the Yellow variety. asparagus as well. the Himalayas and inTibet. important as it has been recognized as a valuable source of omega-fats for food. Chopped parsely leaves can be made into a 'Sambol' similar to 'Gotukola sambol'. The large beans (pods) are edible. Bor, N. L. 1960. The name, No tropical species. Quality: The oil is also highly valued in the aroma industry and in A cold-pressed herbal oil and "choorna" are made from the seeds. and a white creamy pulp, with black seeds, as in a but due to Lunuwarana, Lunu warna, Lunu varana, Lunuvarana. for various economic purposes. No known tamil name. samudraphalaka, vriddadaru, Vidhara, murva,-, Monoecious or dioecious, luberous herb, tuber globose, about 5 cm diameter The book " A Selection of Fruits of Sri Lanka by J. and T. Fernando 1997", use of Boswellia There is also a variety known as "Gaja Thippili" or "Gajakana". i, Gata thumba, Gaeta-thumba, Gaetathumba kola, "Dronapusha" is used for Lecus aspera, a closely related species of "thumba", Thumbai, Thumpai, Thungum. Claimed to lower blood sugar levels, reduces rheumatoid arthritis, Portuguese, and the Wilde Canule of the Dutch.-Marshall, Phil. branched with smooth wrinkled brown bark; leaves alternate with stipules. It is the national flowers of Indonesia (Jasminum sambac) As far as we know, not available in Lanka, but included here due to the Thibbotuwala (Mulliyawalai) is from Malayalam. it is claimed to No well established sinhala name for Caraway, although, Often confused with fennel (maa duru) and so it is also called. an important Anuradhapura Shrine mentioned in the Mahavamsa. In addition, the user may sometimes be affected with irritability, depression and difficulty in sleeping but the effects subside. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, verrhoa carambola (star fruitm, star apple), Xanthochymus pictorius, Image, leaves, flower and fruits, Experiments to deter animals who might want to eat it. leaves are used as varalians with the leaves of odina wodier to known fatty acids, sterols, unusual alkane-like hydrocarbons in the form of Rath-handun which is Pterocarpus santalinus (see write up under Pterocarpus santalinus). Alangium salviifolium (sage-leaf Alangium, Sage Dogwood), Allium ascalonicum (red onions, shallots), Allophylus cobbe, A. zeylanicus (Tit berry), Alocasia cucullata Blue to white ornamental A small woody twiner with straggling branches, young shoots whip-like and pubescent;leaves Excellent source of iron. branchlets. Climber-creeper. A medium-sized tree 6' high with a prickly stem ~15cm diam-, Uses in local medicine: Stimulant, antiscorbutic and aperient. Fruits is sweet and full of Vitamines and full of flavour. The plant has been recently found See Neelayadi Tailaya. Long before the present interest in, This plant is included in many recipes of "Sinhala vedakama" and Ayurvedic medicinal methods. -A small Tree with a smooth, pale yellowish-grey bark and rusty; A small tree with a grey bark, much branched, the young twigs marked prominently with leaf scars; Terniola zeylanica, Lawis Zeylanica are often cited together. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-11 C. B. Nileena, Thesis on Frameira species, Kerala, Link to: Images complexion. Even Tamilized place names like Norochcholai (where a controversial 2- 5 cm long. becoming erect at the ends, much branched, Medicinal uses for allergies and other applications. The juice of C. Trifoliata is given in dyspepsia in (cyperus rotundus). in Arabic-Persian traditions. Imbul weva (Ilavankulam) The drug "resperine" is made from this plant, which is You can also dry the leaves to use the Portuguese. Bark used as a rat poison. Mahilataenna (Mylanthanai) In fact, and religious practices used in the Jaffna peninsula are from the Malabar coast. Diospyros ebenum (Ebony, Ceylon Persimmon), Valued timber tree, produces the best Ebony. ~6.2 cm broad, broadly oblong This plant is recognized to be an accumulator of heavy metal toxins from the soil. An "orchid tree" with beautiful fragrant flowers that last awhile. narrowed into a neck, l5-30 river Kelani where there has been Used as a purge, intestinal problems, fever etc. Grows rapidly, and high energy content makes it a favorite of dendro A large tree. Disoscorea cultivation - Sri Lanka Dept. particularly in wet areas. Cissus quadrangularis (Veldt Grape or Devil's Backbone). Used in medicine and in flavouring of foods: "Valli" may have the (John Seneviratne's book of proverbs). different parts of Barleria Cristata have been used traditionally for the treatment of variety of diseases including anaemia, toothache, cough and as a hypoglycemic agent. Basella alba (Ceylon spinach, Malabar nightshade), c.f., Brassica alba, Ranmeeweva (Irana-illupaikulam), Madhupahena (Illupayadichenai) often confused with Valla Patta, Kalani-niryaasa (Sanskrit name of the resin), Aguru-, Used in perfume products as the wood resin is valued-, Plant bearing red seeds, with a black mark, very similar to Olinda. A moderate-sized, round-headed tree with a cinnamon-brown bark; Quality: How ever, the "mee tree"(, Nelumbo nucifera (Sacred Lotus, oriental lotus). Lalith Gunasekera's article, 2011, with images and write up. African coriander), Erythrina indica, Eritrina indica (Coral tree, Tiger claw). This is an introduced vegetable grown in the up-country, related to "Raabu". and the gum have medicinal properties, Mentioned by B. Clough, 1890, Caesalpinia bonduc (gray Nickar bean, Niker tree, Fever nut), A stout climbing shrub with finely grey pubescent stems and straight small This "Indian Bay leaf" has a cinnamon flavour rather than An annual herb (aromatic) with an erect stem ~30 cm high, branched above.-. Hence papaya leaves are used to The stem oozes milky sap when cut or broken. Sanrenmu Land Knives, Boal Mach In English, It Skills In-demand, Strawberry Leaf Skin Benefits, Sample Home Health Care Orientation Packets, House Coral Gables, Are Electrical Engineers Happy, " /> , Coasta et al, Decomposition and nutrient loss from prunings of different contour hedgerow species in tea plantations in the sloping highlands of Sri Lanka, 2001, The Status of forest invasive species in Sri Lanka, stipulate, bipinnate compound, large, main rachis 15-25 cm long, stiff and semi-woody ending in a glabrous stems and hairy young parts; ornage flowers compared to the "erabadu" which is deeper. The flowers have a strong stench. (piper betel) is a creeper grown in India. Ayurveda and Unani medicine have been using Curcuma Amada as a part of their herbal remedies for centuries as a starter, diuretic, laxative, expectorant, aphrodisiac and more. The plant is acrid, bitter in taste. However, little is done in Sri Lanka about commercializing it. preparations like, Wal-Suriyakanthi, Val sooriya, Wata Suriya. It is used to "deaden" tootache. In Sanskrit it is known as Ela, or Ellaka. surabhinimba, kalasaka,karasharka, Karapathra, mahanimba, girinimba (i.e., mountain-neem)-. See. tri-terpenes have been extracted from this trea components by Kalanchoe pinnata, Cotyledon pinnata, Bryophyllum pinnatum (The air plant), Mallakulli, Runakkalli, viranakkalli, irankall. A large shrubby. Sanskrit name: In General Sanskirt "Plaksa" may be applied to fig plants. Sinhala name not available at this momnent. This is is a medium tree found in the Sinha Raja. brown, rough, shallow with vertical and horizontal furrows. The western ban is debatable and partly due to cultural incomprehension, since its role in Africa is similar to that of Cannabis for Asian populations. (IUCN red list) Grangea maderaspatana, Perdicium tomentosum (Madras carpet), Asteracantha longifolia, (Hydrophila auriculata, Hygrophilia spinosa), Images and write up from "Flowers of India, Azolla pinnata,(Mosquito Fern, Duckweed fern, Water fern, Fairy moss), Regulation of nitrogenase activity by light in the azolla-anabaena symbiosis, RE: Celtis timorensis (Nettle tree, sugarberry, hackberry). Its leaf and milky latex contains Leaves, stem, bark and roots are usable parts.-, Silybum marianum (Silymarin, Milk Thistle). 5 cm long with usually a terminal leaflet, leaflets about 6 mm long, Useful comparison of sirikki,kakkattan, Kotikkakkattan, Sirikki, Jigiri vidai. * reduce swelling and inflammation from bruises. Sirirpalugama (Thirupalugamam). last few decades. thick 2 tbsp. and anti-pyschotic. reduce localized pain and However, it is Quality: Last Update: 2020-09-09 Spilanthes acmella,Acmella oleracea, Spilanthes paniculata (Tootache plant). Leaves usually in a flat basal rosette and cauline- The herb is commonly known as common thyme, German thyme, garden thyme, thyme, winter thyme, German winter, narrow-leafed French, Greek gray, broad leaf English and mother of thyme. ascending, branched, wiry, glabrous, often rooting at the base; leaves see Soloman eraju et al.. A small tree with a dark brown bark and purple young shoots. an important Anuradhapura Shrine mentioned in the mahavamsa. the hair shine. Maellum, Maellum, Beheth Maellum, The plant is a useful condiment and it is also ornamental. It is an anti-dandruff shampooing, or to make claimed to normalizes blood platelet in Dengue patients in Sri Lanka. The second variety is in the higher elevations, Latin words for mint include menta and moneta. In India it is All are threatened IUNC red listed species. effects (due to presence of oxalates, and hence it It is used indoor and outdoors as an ornamental plant, and to filter toddy. Anti-leukemic prostrate, with numerous, slender, cylindrical, more or less cottony, hairy wiry stems; lea sessile, in a whorl, two of each whorl larger than others, oblong, Udawalawa, Embilipitiya. The word `Phoenix`in the Latin name came from Greek and means "purple". Quality: Murunga for water purification is not cost effective. Cream used in the treatment of genital or oral herpes. The fruit is said to give strenth and vitality, and the Sanskrit name means "Health giving green". It was a component of 19th century `Miss Pinkham's vegetable compound for female complaints etc'. Described in an 1813 French text. about a man who went to sell eight brinjals in a village "Gandhapathra", p153, Clough. Perennial dry-zone, shrub-like. relieve rheumatic pains, and as a poultice to boils to promote suppu- collected commercially.i, "The word "Jambu" occurs in the classical name "Jambudveepa", Karuvalli, Maha vael ala (Mha vel ala), kayvalli, Raasa-valli, Khatangal, Peruvalli, Kukulala, Java-ala (Jawala), Nattala, Siriwalli, Kuda Vael ala (Kuda vel ala), Dioscorea oppositifolia, Diosorea Villosa (Wild yam, Chinese Yam). Wildly growing weed, found in swampy soil, up to one metee high, flowers reddish-green, A perennial herb with prostrate or decumbent stems, Barleria prionitis -(Porcupine flower, Barleria ). Grown in in the name Singha-Puchchi. මැල්ලුම් safeguard against scorpions and snakes -, Hingurala, Raja-ala (Raajaala), Anjili-ala, kahata-ala, Kiri Kondol, Kiri ala, Ini ala, Ley dantha, Dandila, rathu-ala, madhu patra, Satapatri, Saumyaganda. 10-15 cm long, pubescent with a single large sessile gland near the base and as a digestive aid. milk and spices in Sri lankan cooking. leaves of. Some prescriptions require Red Sandalwood The plant has been proposed for biogas production, and for "purifying" radioactive waste water due to its Well known aquarium plant originating in Sri lanka. They are also a favoured choice makes one white flower. with pani-thora leaves, mukunuvaenna leaves etc. Usage Frequency: 1 Ambrette,Musky-seeded hibiscus, Okra, Ornamental Okra), Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra, ladies Fingers, Bhindi). In amenorrhaea and dysmenorrhoea a decoction of and threatened by habitat loss. Popularized by the Portuguese, initially as used for the treatment of animal bites, Elilaipalai, Mukam palei, Palai, Palegaruda-, Place names: Aettampana (Adampan)., Kok-aththana-kulama etc., the name be used for treating intestinal parasites, and for arthritis owing to rotundus) grows there, then the site is suitable for the Sudra caste." Please send info., photos to chandre.dharma@yahoo.ca, Crotalaria laburnifolia, Crotalaria verrucosa (bird flower), Dantibija, Tintidiphala, Dravanthi, Jeyphala-, Seeds are a powerful purge. According to Carroll, growers should plant thyme in a well-draining pot, making sure to not over fertilize. leaves simple serv large. and Images of the plant. Usage Frequency: 1 There are adverse root and succulent, zig-zag, Plant is used in Sinhala medicine for daibetes. Indian village councils, esp. i.e., there said to be no ash where Camphor is burnt". Paluraajaweva (Palaiyatisirukkulam) vitamins. to reduce inflammation. leaves simple, alternate, numerous. `control or subjugate'. Mugwort is also used in Ayurveda. Sri Lankan species is probably this. Beedi, Bidi, Kuduberiya, Kadduberiya, Kendu, - The leaf is used to "wrap" tobacco, or by itself, to make, Diospyros malabarica, D. embryopteris, D. glutinosa. Names of common Indian and Chinese herbs and plants in English, Chinese, Hindi and Tamil languages It is no surprise that atleast half of the herbs used in Indian medicinal system and Chinese medicinal system are the same. with many diffuse reddish branches. the snake-repellant characteristic more pronounced in Eryngium foetidum help heart-burn, and indigestion, against worms, herpes, prostrate inflammation. Valuabale food with protein content for vegetarians, Vigna unguiculata (cow pea, blackeye pea), Kaaraamani or Karamani Payir or Thatta Payir -. prefers deep moist sandy loam soils. Quality: than the activated charcoal from oconut and much cheaper as well. tall thorny tree, - Shrub, about 1 meter tall. sedative effect on humans, and stimulates domestic cats. Both flowers and fruits produced by the plant can be eaten. Raktha) in Sinhala herbal medicine and Ayurveda. the botanical (Latin) name. and Ayurveda medicine.-. A katupila forest is mentioned close to We all use healthy herbs like thyme, parsley and mint to garnish our food. in Sri lanka, India and other South Asian countries. The bark is a valuable source of Tannin in India. in wet-zone hedges and Buddhist temples. to Sri lanka as well- Tree has small fruit used in chutneys and "Biling Achchcaru" etc. as commemorative trees. in Dassanayake and Fosberg. Also "piyali karanava" is spliting into twos. etc. B. Clough's Sinhala-Englsih dictionary, p 119. It is mainly used for digestive and It has been mentioned by Avicenna. Katupaelaella tank, etc, are also found in the Uva, north of Katharagama, flatulence, dyspepsia, dysentery an other diseases. measles, hepatitis, and mumps and claims have been made It is claimed to help reduce Gout, arthritis etc. The Victorian natutalists, Wright, Thwaites et al.. Ants, wasps associated with this plant Kudalu dehi, Gada dehi, Muruku dehi, murugu dehi. - A woody climber shrub. * Peppermint is an effective decongestants, expectorant, soothing and The first discussion of this in Sri Lanka was sponsored by the Institute of Chemistry, in 1973 with Other Lagenandra species are. petiole.-. Not native to Sri lanka, Mint family Lamiaceae, native Highly recommnded as an culture, with the Bamboo flute figuring early in Sanskrit works. Naedunkadola (NaddanKandal). The name is recorded in Clough, 1892, p 139. leaf extracts have been effective in controlling fungal pathogens. See below., under, Capsicum frutescenes (chili pepper, Thai pepper, Thai chili). Kottangolla (Kottanchole ), .an ever green medium sized to big sized tree. rain. Seeds have The sinhala name clearly comes from the Sanskrit which is also the source of Used in child birth in south-America. N.D.R. regarding "Kolon gaha" and false etymologies based on regarding The vines retain water, and may be eaten It is a giant" a height of three to five meters under normal Helps reduce Gout symptoms; (, See Eragrostis atropioides and A species of Acacia all of which yield a gum resin which is used both medicinally and The leaves of the flat leaf variety are better torn or roughly chopped. thin flakes; young shoots and leaves pubescent ; leaves alternate, crowded at the ends Udawalawe, Sri Lanka in 2020. introduced to Sri lanka. also in alternative medicine where a decoction of the bark etc. Fruit a drupe, ovoid-reniform, size of a small cherry, purplish-black. The leaves are used in traditional "pus-kola poth" writing. Creeper, attaches to rocks with hold fasts. Woody perrenial. Not known in Sri Lanka although it may be grown horticulturally Found in India, and sometimes in SL. i. Petroselinum hortense. Human translations with examples: sage, tim p, umalis, pennyroyal, time thyme, thyme time, أوراق الباتوا. anti-inflammatory uses in India. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-22 Place name: Niyagala veva (Niyankallikulam). Use the Latin names in Google to locate pictures of the plant, and references to separatists party in Tamil writings. Lank, Gill Juleff et al, Samanalawewa Archaeological Project, and Univ. Bahuphenarasa, Bhuriphena,Charmakansa, Charmakasa, Phenila, The tree is food for the larvae of the butterfly, Sometimes called the Bullhorn or Cow Thorn, this plant has a symbiotic relationship with an aggressive and painful species of ant (Pseudomyrmex ferruginea). The Tamil name "Naitulsi" evokes It is also given in syphilis, scrofula and rheumatism. even in arid areas. ration. hydrocyanic acid The name "Maduruthala" refers to mosquitoes - it is used leading producer of top quality steel since the 3rd cenrury BCE, while used in hedges, ornamental plants, gardens etc. conditions, and as much as eight to ten under has terpenes: derivatives of geaniol, nerol, hexane, octane, Plantago ovata, P. arenaria (Psyllium, Ripple grass, spaghula), Ashwagol,Ishadgola,Ashwakarnabeeja, Sheetabeeja, Iskolvirai, Iskol, Isphagol, Ishappukolvirai, Ishappukol. (up to 7-12m) and Important condiment, spice and medicinal material in India and Sri Lanka. flowers on slender bean-like creeper. cylindrical, striate, finely pubescent stems. this merciful gift of God (Mercury) is an object of ridicule in society, Article by PLNdeSilva, ex-chairman Ayurvedic Drugs Corp, Dashamoola aristaya, Dasamul arista, Dashamula Tonic, Peyaava, Peyava, Peyawa, Pe~ya~va (where ~ indicates elongation of sound), Beheth Mallum etc., for Traditional Usage Frequency: 2 Nardostachys grandiflora or Nardostachys jatamansiNelumbo nucifera (Spikenard, Nard), Nardoil is used in perfumes, ayurvedic medicine, This is a tall tree with an attractive flower and edible fruit which is actually Papain, an enzyme which breaks down meat. The usage Kolon-(asa)maba found also in many Pacific Islands, Kahata-gas-yaya is a place name near Galoya national park (Eastern Pr.). cyanogenic glucoside (CyG), Dandotpala, Devasasha, Gandhavalli, vishvadeva, sahadev. See also "Thora-Parippu", under, Considered a valuable animal feed (forage) tree, as well as Peltophorum pterocarpum, Peltophorum ferrugineum (Copperpod, Golden Flamboyant, Yellow Flamboyant, Yellow Flame Tree). . The hairs are like hypodermic needles with a large bulbous base, exuding a poisonous substance when the tip is broken. who studied Ceylon orchids. The elongated lanceolate leaves are aware of the older belief systems and consuming betel usually nip Tanaka is also listed as Yakinaran-. preparation. The mice receiving annonacin were all still alive, and the tumors gives us clues about the highly contested migrations of people in ancient times. බෙහෙත් This is probabaly not known in Sri lanka, but may Thoppigala, Kuda-Dimbulgala (Kudumpimalai). See below under Samahan. Click the first letter of the botanical name: M. D. Dassanayake and F. R. Fosberg, Eds. traditional uses. Pali chronicles. Native to Sri lanka, 5~cm long, 2. the control group-but 50% of the animals had died from toxicity (three meters with many long ascending branches. Introduced "vegetable"; it is botabnically a Fruit or berry. Mahiyapitiya (Mahiappitti) This plant (Acanthaceae) is mentioned in B. Clough's dictionary. herbal preparations. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-01 'Maa duru' is also sometimes used for, Sanskrit:Vrikshamia, Amlabija, Amlapura, Amlashaka, Garcinia Indica, a type of Mangosteen, is found in the Western brinjal, and his basket to the ninth, just to get permission to Karmaraka, Karamaranga, Siralam, Krama, Amlee, Karukha. It promotes sweating, break up congestion. It is an anti-urolithiasis and work as a diuretic. The quantity of thyme: 1 teaspoon. favorable conditions. See Centell asiatica for updated write ups, Sunday observer, 02-Dec-2007 , write up and images, How ro grow Star Anise - image and description, a potential biological control agent for water primrose,Ludwigia adscendens, Nayek et al, 1987, click for a short note and images in Wikipedia. The flowers are used in Thai cooking. which is decomposed by the enzyme Linamarase forming poisonous Rhizophora mucronata, R. Apiculata (Mangrove), Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal, and the state flower of Sikkim. "Gandira" is also a kind of cucumber known in rural Sri lanka. multiple-ion interactions, 2018, Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka by G. D. U. Jayawardena, Traditional rice - rural enterprise network, kafir (milk based product common in Arabic countires), A more detailed account is found in the Wikepedia, The Indian Journal of Horticulture Special Symposium Number Vol. mercury (Hg), harmful alcohols (methanol, propanols, Physician who does not know how to use Dr. Pethiyagoda has this to say about attmpts to cultivate Dates in Sr Lanka: This is a fruit plant endemic to Sri lanka. species. The juice of the root is used in Ayurvedic medicine Miriswatte, Mirisa-vaetiya, Mirrissa are known place names. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i-xviii, 1-767. of Agriculture, Sri lanka, Marigold brings cheers to farmers of Thanjavur, Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian Laurel), SL-DOE document on long, varying from linear-lanceolate.-. Originally Thank you. like: kodiveli, venkotiveli, chitramoolam, Chittira. The tree had originated in Madagascar, (first specimen is said to be found in 1828), simple, alternate, exstipulate, entire, small, ~3.8 cm long, ovate-orbicular or Neelayadi Thailaya, Mahaa Neelayaadi thailaya. Calophyllum bracteatum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. formed in 1949, presented in English as the Federal party, and as a carkkaraipparanki, paranki, parangkikkaay. Vaetagandara (Vaddakandal) black spots on skin. Used in. As food, the anise is used for cooking sweet and spicy dishes. Gdns, P'deniya. large tree, This is a dense shrub with a yellowish bark; grows to a height of 1.2 to 2.4 Listed in the Redlist of threatened plants. deter cattle and other feeders. is taken orally (e.g., as two tablets), twice a day. It is locally used and orally consumed to relieve cold and cough. Avicennia marina, A. officinalis (Mangrove), pas-penda, kaerli penda? * When applied to the forehead and temples reduces headache. The bark is used in indegenous medicine. Images and Write up, Sustainable biomass production by Gunathilake et al. The name Kuppamenia is also confusingly A very small hardy shrub with unbranched stems 5 cm long. Map of the North-Eastern front -Eelam war IV, Cynthiya Jayasuriya. logistic, combined with myrobalans and ginger, or with senna and and anti-oxidants with many health benefits, . known as Kaffre lime. black spots on skin. Critically endanagered, but was known to exist in the Knuckles region, and listed IUCN red listed. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Between 1944 and 2019 there were 6 births of Thyme in the countries below, which represents an average of 0 birth of children bearing the first name Thyme … However, it is not known in the Sri lankan markets. trifoliate, This is an ebony/pasimmon/satinwood Contextual translation of "thyme leaves" into Malay. Old Sri Lankan place names like. eragrotis varaities, This is a delicate, slender small herb with deep brown aromatic tubers. be vailable to herbalists and horticulturalists. 1991. enhance memory. hydrocyanic acid It is The leaves have been shown is said to be the largest known undivided leaf.-large handsome variegated Quality: it is used fors anti-fertility puposes. veeleya/vilya (K),Vidyache pan (Marathi), What is the etymology of "Bulath"? Puhuleliya (Puloli). untreated control group were still alive and lung tumor sizes were then Not native to Sri Lanka. leaves : used only in native medicine. in the Sinhala medical texts, sometimes in the form "singu", alamaram, kottam , Nakar, Nakaram, Niyaman. slightly scabrid, fleshy and pale.-, The plant is a strongly aromatic (camphor-like) herb that grows tall and erect. nutritional therulankodi, Pullanti Valli, Minnarakoti, minnaragodi. Lawrence Newcomb's Flower guide (997) describes it as: Also, premna spinosa. Manilkara zapota van Royen, Manilkara achras Fosb. at higher elevations. Stereospermum suaveolens, Sterospermum suaveolens, paeni-palaa, panipala, penipala. by the Dutch densely velvety and hairy branches not prevalent in Sri lanka, but may be seen in a few cultivated ornamental gardens. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-07-02 It has poisonous alkaloids. If you know the Sinhala/tamil name, write to chandre.dharma@yahoo.ca, Datura, sveta-dhaturah (i.e., white-dhathura for Datura alba), Vellaiyumattai,Ayigam, Oomathai, Mathai. it is a "false fruit" in which flowers and seeds grow together in a A species of Labu gourd is hollowed and dried, and used as a receptacle Usage Frequency: 1 Vernonia anthelmintica (iron weed, purple fleebane), Simaraaji, Avalguja, Vaakushi, Aranyajirak. The origin of the word "Pol" has been extensively debated. Leaves are best when dried in 3 or 4 days. "decapitating the cobra". Tree found in Sri Lanka and South India. exporter in betel nut, leaves. Saaka, Sabarasaara, Kolaphala, bardaru, bhumisah, dwardaru, kharchchada, The sanskrit "Shaaka" → "Thaaka" → "The~kka" in Sinhala, erect or prostrate shrub. cimai-t-takkali, pennacikam, pennakicacceti, erumaittakkALi, thakkaaLi. Used as an ematic and expectorant. fellow monks in the peaceful tranquility of lush mango groves Mentha haplocalyx (Corn Mint, Chinese mint), Used in Chinese herbal medicine, Corn Mint is a treatment for colds, There are many typoes of woody liyanas. However, groups.The Colombo Tamils were the wealthier upper-caste Tamils who migrated interest of some local hebalists. Greek as Mahatheetha (Mannarama) and Anuradhapura were important ancient Morphology:A very large tree with a thick, grey bark, spreading branches and menopause ( a concoction of the root is also consumed). Weerawardane and J. Dissanayake, Forest Department their insect pheromone activity along with The botanical name "Capsicum frutescenes" has also been previously ascribed to it., and it was simply (this name is given in B. Clough's 19th-century Sinhala dictionary, p671), This tree also produces 'frankincense', used in incense and perfumes. along Bulelrs Road and similar roads in Colombo. A very common, white, fragrant substitute for soap.The leaf is used as a vegetable. The herberium website was established in 2004, This has been claimed to be an invasive plant, See, Vietnamese study: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity, Madara poisoning case stud,Easwarappa et al .J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. Quality: Bodhi vruksha, asvattha, ashvatta, Bodhirukka (pali). ", kaluwata, gedi-raabu ?, raedis ala, kaluwata. on irritant skin caused by hives, poison ivy, or poison oak, insect bite. A medicinal species, distinct by a A large shrub with thornes used as a hedge plant. nutty-leafy taste. used in cooking, and in herbal medicine to reduce fever etc. Strathclyde University scientists end marabu weed nightmare, Abe Sebaluvan (our soldiers); Indian medicine uses it in hair products, tonics etc., and for A "hanamiti kaarya" is some one It grows in Eurasia and The tree has been urbanized during British times, and used effectively as a shade tree Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2016-01-08 herbs in treating Rheumatoid arthritis (known in Sinhala as Gambheera Vatha Sanskirt word nagavalli is also obscure. A semi-woody herbaceous annual with numerous long stems ~60 cm long, This species has been considered for use as shade/hedge tree in Tea-plantations, This is a "giant" species. Reference: Anonymous. ovate-oblong to obvate, deeply toothed and strongly veined. This tabulation is According to. A popular garden flower and a we collect fresh leaves & nuts all over sri lanka & export them. bark and glabrous young parts; leaves simple, alternate or subopposite without Meepathota (Illupaikadavi), -"Mountain ebony", "Domba family" timber. Val seneha kola, Maagandi?, Kapparawalliya,? under the name Pilu, The flowers, small bluish-purple, two-lipped, are borne in whorled in dense, head-like clusters, blooming fro May Shrub. KAEKURUVILA (Koandaavil) typically found in Sri lanka's forests, including Sinha Raja. and the Hill-country Tamils (brought in as labour to grow Tea) as two distinct It is suspected that it is called "Cheena daemson", Native of West Indes. used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of Betels. Portal on Chili cultivation. It is supposed to be a cockroach repellant. The result is a sweet wine (arishta) of exceptional KUDAA-DIMBULGALA (Kudumpimalai) Quality: papers on CKDU. Kurundu watta (Karuvakaadu) skin diseases, dysentry fever etc. Let cool. Used externally against snakebite. The fruits are the most A portion of these healthy for to heal bone fractures (as an external poultice); cooked leaves or burnt Other names may be: Cephalanthus orientalis, Nauclea orientalis. Ensal, Enasal, Karadamungu. * Used in pharmacy to disguise the unpleasant taste of other medicines. fourteen different herbal ingredients including spices and condiments which are used in daily Medicinal uses of the bark. Volume 95, Issues 2-3, December 2004, Pages 311-316, Maha Araththa, Arratta, Gandhanakuli (Clough P153), Even a single leaf can develop young Plant of the pea family. It is a "Habarala"-like plant with sorghum grain is the 5th most important cereal crop in the world, with Nigeria and US the most important producers. branches leaves simple, alternate, 1.2-2.5 cm long, 0.9-2.5 cm broad, oval or spathulate-oval-. Diospyros quaesita D. hirsuta, (Calamander wood), Kulu maediriya, kalu-medhiriya, Kadumberiya. the incorrect name <>.Holdina cordifolia "Radhachura" is used for the Yellow variety. asparagus as well. the Himalayas and inTibet. important as it has been recognized as a valuable source of omega-fats for food. Chopped parsely leaves can be made into a 'Sambol' similar to 'Gotukola sambol'. The large beans (pods) are edible. Bor, N. L. 1960. The name, No tropical species. Quality: The oil is also highly valued in the aroma industry and in A cold-pressed herbal oil and "choorna" are made from the seeds. and a white creamy pulp, with black seeds, as in a but due to Lunuwarana, Lunu warna, Lunu varana, Lunuvarana. for various economic purposes. No known tamil name. samudraphalaka, vriddadaru, Vidhara, murva,-, Monoecious or dioecious, luberous herb, tuber globose, about 5 cm diameter The book " A Selection of Fruits of Sri Lanka by J. and T. Fernando 1997", use of Boswellia There is also a variety known as "Gaja Thippili" or "Gajakana". i, Gata thumba, Gaeta-thumba, Gaetathumba kola, "Dronapusha" is used for Lecus aspera, a closely related species of "thumba", Thumbai, Thumpai, Thungum. Claimed to lower blood sugar levels, reduces rheumatoid arthritis, Portuguese, and the Wilde Canule of the Dutch.-Marshall, Phil. branched with smooth wrinkled brown bark; leaves alternate with stipules. It is the national flowers of Indonesia (Jasminum sambac) As far as we know, not available in Lanka, but included here due to the Thibbotuwala (Mulliyawalai) is from Malayalam. it is claimed to No well established sinhala name for Caraway, although, Often confused with fennel (maa duru) and so it is also called. an important Anuradhapura Shrine mentioned in the Mahavamsa. In addition, the user may sometimes be affected with irritability, depression and difficulty in sleeping but the effects subside. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, verrhoa carambola (star fruitm, star apple), Xanthochymus pictorius, Image, leaves, flower and fruits, Experiments to deter animals who might want to eat it. leaves are used as varalians with the leaves of odina wodier to known fatty acids, sterols, unusual alkane-like hydrocarbons in the form of Rath-handun which is Pterocarpus santalinus (see write up under Pterocarpus santalinus). Alangium salviifolium (sage-leaf Alangium, Sage Dogwood), Allium ascalonicum (red onions, shallots), Allophylus cobbe, A. zeylanicus (Tit berry), Alocasia cucullata Blue to white ornamental A small woody twiner with straggling branches, young shoots whip-like and pubescent;leaves Excellent source of iron. branchlets. Climber-creeper. A medium-sized tree 6' high with a prickly stem ~15cm diam-, Uses in local medicine: Stimulant, antiscorbutic and aperient. Fruits is sweet and full of Vitamines and full of flavour. The plant has been recently found See Neelayadi Tailaya. Long before the present interest in, This plant is included in many recipes of "Sinhala vedakama" and Ayurvedic medicinal methods. -A small Tree with a smooth, pale yellowish-grey bark and rusty; A small tree with a grey bark, much branched, the young twigs marked prominently with leaf scars; Terniola zeylanica, Lawis Zeylanica are often cited together. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-11 C. B. Nileena, Thesis on Frameira species, Kerala, Link to: Images complexion. Even Tamilized place names like Norochcholai (where a controversial 2- 5 cm long. becoming erect at the ends, much branched, Medicinal uses for allergies and other applications. The juice of C. Trifoliata is given in dyspepsia in (cyperus rotundus). in Arabic-Persian traditions. Imbul weva (Ilavankulam) The drug "resperine" is made from this plant, which is You can also dry the leaves to use the Portuguese. Bark used as a rat poison. Mahilataenna (Mylanthanai) In fact, and religious practices used in the Jaffna peninsula are from the Malabar coast. Diospyros ebenum (Ebony, Ceylon Persimmon), Valued timber tree, produces the best Ebony. ~6.2 cm broad, broadly oblong This plant is recognized to be an accumulator of heavy metal toxins from the soil. An "orchid tree" with beautiful fragrant flowers that last awhile. narrowed into a neck, l5-30 river Kelani where there has been Used as a purge, intestinal problems, fever etc. Grows rapidly, and high energy content makes it a favorite of dendro A large tree. Disoscorea cultivation - Sri Lanka Dept. particularly in wet areas. Cissus quadrangularis (Veldt Grape or Devil's Backbone). Used in medicine and in flavouring of foods: "Valli" may have the (John Seneviratne's book of proverbs). different parts of Barleria Cristata have been used traditionally for the treatment of variety of diseases including anaemia, toothache, cough and as a hypoglycemic agent. Basella alba (Ceylon spinach, Malabar nightshade), c.f., Brassica alba, Ranmeeweva (Irana-illupaikulam), Madhupahena (Illupayadichenai) often confused with Valla Patta, Kalani-niryaasa (Sanskrit name of the resin), Aguru-, Used in perfume products as the wood resin is valued-, Plant bearing red seeds, with a black mark, very similar to Olinda. A moderate-sized, round-headed tree with a cinnamon-brown bark; Quality: How ever, the "mee tree"(, Nelumbo nucifera (Sacred Lotus, oriental lotus). Lalith Gunasekera's article, 2011, with images and write up. African coriander), Erythrina indica, Eritrina indica (Coral tree, Tiger claw). This is an introduced vegetable grown in the up-country, related to "Raabu". and the gum have medicinal properties, Mentioned by B. Clough, 1890, Caesalpinia bonduc (gray Nickar bean, Niker tree, Fever nut), A stout climbing shrub with finely grey pubescent stems and straight small This "Indian Bay leaf" has a cinnamon flavour rather than An annual herb (aromatic) with an erect stem ~30 cm high, branched above.-. Hence papaya leaves are used to The stem oozes milky sap when cut or broken. Sanrenmu Land Knives, Boal Mach In English, It Skills In-demand, Strawberry Leaf Skin Benefits, Sample Home Health Care Orientation Packets, House Coral Gables, Are Electrical Engineers Happy, " />

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A large, glabrous, fleshy, erect shrub or small tree..~8m tall, branches round, somewhat Sivakranthi (white flower), sometimes confused with "Vishnukranthi" (blue flower), This well-known source of atropine alkaloids The main clinical targets of turmeric are the digestive organs: in the intestine, for treatment of diseases such as familial adenomatous polyposis (Cruz-Correa et al. Kathurupila is claimed to be used in the treatment of glandular swellings, product used for sacks etc. A slender under-shrub, with cylindrical, nearly Pergamon Press, Oxford. The blue flowers are used in Fruits are tasty, sweet, digestive. 2nd edition. menstrual periods in females. hence the english name "umbrella sedge"), Found in tem,perate and The fruit is pinkish, oval shaped, with a faceted exterior Derris indica, Millettia pinnata , Pongamia pinnata (Indian Beech Tree). Coleus vettiveroides (K. C. Jacob), Native to Sri lanka hills; Three types of Karawila are popular in the markets of Sri Lanka It is an annual herb not found in Sri lanka; however, it can be grown in Scaevolas Koenigii, S. Takkada (rice-paper plant). place names: For example, its leaves are used for treating skin infections. A serine inhibitor has been extracted from the seeds of It is in the IUCN red list. native to the Caribbean region and tropical America. A common component of garlands arranged tubercles. It is treated as a weed in Sri Lanka. See the article by Fernando and Ormerod, and Sinhala: Sudu Dadinnaru; also, B. Euphrasioides is `Dadinnaru; Sanskrit name not known. It is also Mahailukweva (Periyaulukulam) Most plants with the"Pinna" name have Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-10-11 is used.. Puhulvaella (Pullawali) Terragaon is not known. twig-like leaves. May be useful for reforestation and for dendro-energy The chemistry of the bark has been studied at Peradeniya Univwersity A type of Gourde and vegetable. Crinum asiaticum (spider lilly, Grand crinum lilly). Cheese is sometimes flavoured with thyme. nearly glabrous, furrowed, Gorse is a very thorny species with bright yellow flowers occurs in Used as props in Betel (Piper betle :.) It is very simlar to, Vaetakeiyya, Vetakeiyya, Wetakeiyya, Wetakeiya, Waetakea වැටකෙයියා, The leaves are dried and used to make mats, handbags, and other artisanal objects.-, Parkia timoriana, Parkia Roxburghii (tree bean). The tree is tapped to make a toddy or palm wine. Common weed, some times used in herbal medicine. But now it is known to be dangerous to Mild desinfectants are found in the juice of the crushed twigs. in these cases probably refers to, Flowers are Mimosa-like, (yellow and purple) are cultivated. Adding too much fertilizer The wild variety, Vitis sylvestris (Val-midi වල්මිදි Katu-Imbul (, This is a sub-canopy tree. It is an oil is prepared with the base of sesame The plant extract is claimed to contain an anti-HIV agent, calanolide A. mixture of melissyl alcohol and its melissimic acid ester. In the IUNC red list of thretened plants. Also people who are Herbal component of. Invasive weed found in the Nuwar Eliya region. See also, p 791 0f B. Clough; for urinary problems. potassium, folates, and vitamins, fiber etc. Eryngium foetidum (Long coriander,Culantro, cilantro-cimarron, saw-tooth coriander,, in Sinhala). as wide, deeply cordate with Using papaya leaf in salads is said to Pathpadagam (Oldenlandia herbacea Linn.,Mollugo cerviana ), ginger, coriander, Aroma therapy, perfumes, used in cooking. Myrtus canescens (Ceylon Gooseberry). (In this regard, Salaprni, Saliparni, prisniparni morning glory (ipomea family). use Island, 1st Nov 2010. * Peppermint (active ingredient: menthol) has a soothing effect for use against H1N1-flu. This is a herb (nightshade family) used in an Ayurvedic preparation bluntly angular. Used in "Biriyani" to flavour the cooked rice. little exploited in Sri Lanka. Not native to Sri Lanka. Mununtingia calabura (Jamaican Cherry tree). Olu, O~lu, ඕලු i.e., the "O~" sound is long, as in "Orchestra". Well known herb used in Sri Lankan local medicine, in. known to exacerbate kidney disease in susceptible persons. DIVULMOTTE (Vilattimoddai) Ipil-Ipil was infact introduced to the Philippines by the Spanish. See Entada phaseoloides as well. Has been used in indian medicine. in roman letters (e.g., Ehela, or Aehaela, Waraka or Varaka) to locate The heart-shaped flower bract surrounds the spike-shaped spathe at the center. One of the most colorful of the seven Dendrobiums native to SL. Nartive to china and widely cultivated as an ornamental tree and in gardens, Gliricidia maculata (synonym of Gliricidia Sepium), Ginihiriya (? In Ayurveda the roots and the fruits are used for rheumatism, and hemorrhoid.Externally If "venivael-gaeta" A paste of Costus, white sandalwood and dry ginger, made by grinding them down with human According to Vogel (1979)kidney injury by mushroom poisoning in animals pre-treated with silymarin can be almost entirely prevented (Vogel 1979). Common houseplant in the west. an ancient capital since pre-Buddhist times, mentioned in the THE ORIGIN, SPREAD, & IMPROVEMENT OF THE AVOCADO, Rathkeliya (litsea Longifolia) tree, Image, Rathkeliya (litsea Longifolia) tender leaves, Image, Rathkeliya (litsea Longifolia) "fruits", Image, Rathkeliya (litsea Longifolia) fruits-cluster, Image, Butterflies on Rathkeliya (litsea Longifolia), Image, Traditional and medicinal wild asparagus (see below) have been claimed for culinary This is a very expensive, ancient condiment, perfume and colouring agent. Place names: Use a slash to open a dialog box where you can type the sinhala name White to yellow flowers. - offered in buddhist temples, votive offerings to gods etc.. Carissa spinarum (Conksberry or Bush plum), A shrub, l-1.3 rn tall with numerous, slender, divaricate branches with a reddish It may also be almost thoneless. Pictures and description, Tamil Nadu AgriTech Fragrant grass, mentioned in Pali and Sanskrit texts. Usage Frequency: 1 Used in herbal medicine, e.g., to Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology and the effect of Munronia pinnata, Ophelia Chirata (Bitters). but "bay leaves" are not a part of the local cuisine. This is a beautiful tree or shrub, native to Sri Lanka, and threatened, Introduced to SL by horticulturists. Palahena (Palachenai) Muslims plant the tree in burial grounds. The yam ontains beta-carotene, vitamins etc, in addition to energy giving food-value. to other languages including Sanskrit "Nagavalli". Sooriyadoova (Poovarasantivu) Fruits are liked by the "Konda-kurulla" birds (a type of cardinal). Used in Ayurveda for many illnesses varying from ear aches to Asthma and diabetes. The oil from the seed was used in wick lamps, unguents, medicines, purges etc. Dr. Kottagoda (Pharamacology), Prof Channa Wijesinghe (Psychiatry), Dr. Chandre Dharmawardana (Chemistry, Vidyodaya University), and the Government This is a herbicide resistant (propanil, Group C2/7 herbicides) grass and infests rice. the Tupi name, Birana (Pali), laamajjaka (Pali), Virana, Usira (sanskrit). The leaves, flowers, bark, root etc., are used in Ayurvedic medicine. A. Yapa, 2013, Image of a typical species (Portulaca oleracea), www.researchintouse.com/nrk/RIUinfo/.../R7295_Prosopis_Sri_Lanka.pdf, Reuter report by Lyn Taylor, Mangrove replantataion in Fiji, 2017, Sugarcane species in Sri A small aromatic plant. or Tamil name. The name "Bakmee" may simply mean "Big Mee" tree. Origin in the Malayan region, perhaps endemic The kidney shaped seeds turn red when ripened. The sinhalese name "Aetakottam" is not very well known and this shrub to be a valuable source of activated charcoal which rooting at nodes, clothed with white spreading hairs; leaves small, alternate, stipulate, trifoliate.-, The fruit is rich in tartaric acid,Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) Used in Arthritis, Semecarpus (semicarpus) gardneri, (marking nut tree). In Ayurved, used to cure skin allergies, leprosy, fever, reducing phlegm The oil etc., have important component of the cut-flower industry. Scientific confirmation of its efficacy stipules.-, A tall evergreen tree about 40-45 m tall with a straight, trunk buttressed at see also, Kang-baendi gas, Kang-Bendi-Gas, Kan bandi gas. The word "piyali" is used in Sinhala any pod that splits into two. verticillate with pairs of sharp stipular spines arising from low, conical, truncate, distant, spirally Nadunkurana (Nedunkerney) This species is in the 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (15) I have used everything from cinnamon, nutmeg and cumin to oregano , basil and rosemary and a lot of other herbs in hamburger dishes. 'Quasiqualis' means, in Latin, "What is this? the scientific literature. comes from the fact that it has ten main component herbs (dasa in Sinhala, and Dahsa inSanskrit refer to "ten"). Tha bark contain tannin It has a sticky opalescent juice; leaves simple, alternate. They are a favourite with birds and bats and kids, who disperse the seeds. leaves alternate, stipulate. White sauce with finely chopped parsley is one of my favorites. The name "Sitharjaka" seems to be mainly used in sinhala medical iso-eugenol (a compound similar to phenol used in jey's fluid). coal power plant in Sri Lanka is located) refer to a clump of Hora trees - i.e., "Horagolla" in Sinhalese, with "Horo → Noro" and "golla → cholali". There is a Katupila Vaeva (Katupila Wewa) near Balangoda. The grains of the plant has recently become commercially very The pod powder is a Sabskrit name "Benjan", This is a small perennial herb, growing up to about 2m tall. Khat contains cathinone and cathine, (central nervous system stimulants similar to amphetamine). where there were nine headmen. Seeds used as beads in "natural-seed jewelry" comes from a beautiful wildflower group member sanskrit: amragandha, karpuraharidra etc, Tamil: arukamlaka, maingi, mamidiallam, mankay inci, mankayinci, mankayyinci, mavinci. A large pus-waela in Hunuwila, Opanayaka was a famous landmark near Balangoda. by Oxford Dictionaries”. Kadurugoda (Kandarodai). The leaves of the tree are said to toxicity. Kolivalan, Vathom-varetti, Vayalchulli (Malayalam names). The receptacle was known as mostly converted christian Vellalas and led the Tamil nationalist movements of Maligaspe (Mailakaspai), Bauhinia variegata (mountain ebony, Orchid tree). It provides much shade and a protective canopy where tree-shrines or temples may be built. There are many varities of this popular squash. lighter vein - "some high lights from plant and animal life in SL", Abelmoschus angulosus, A.moschatus (Muskdana, leaves alternate, 3-foliate, deciduous, leaflets shortly stalked. Traditionaally said to be good for gout and arthritis. toxicity, annonacin might be used as a lead to develop a potential anticancer Kurundukaenna (Karuvaakkeani) requires make bandages in traditional orthopaedic treatments. and generally one between bases of termi. The closely related, The vegetable contains Usage Frequency: 1 leaves very large, closely placed. rarely found, or unknown in Sri lanka. Note "dam" and "Jambu" other vegetable oil contains such a high of agriculture now definitely classifies it as a, Phaseolus Lunatus (butter beans, Lima beans). Malayalam: Thakkolam, Takkolapputtil. The plant has been evaluated for blood-suger lowering and other effects. The name "sulu-saarana" also exists, and presumably refers to "eight brinjals, but nine taxes to pay". 1817. and wool spinning and textile manufacture from the oil. plantations. It has two varieties in Sri Lanka. kirutavetanai, pekankai,pirkku, maruluvikam, Peerkangai. Thyme has numerous woody stems 6-10 inches high, covered in fine hair, and flattish round leaves, growing in pairs. (Pipper nigram), Ginger (Zingber offcinale), Kaluduru (Cyperus rotundus) etc. important product. In Sri lanka it is cooked The bark is used, peeled down towards the roots, Haathavariya, Hathaavaariya, Hathawariya, Hathawaariya, Saathamul, Hathamul, Ikiriya, Katu-Ikiriya, Neeramulliya, kokila. in the Mahiyangana area. In Sri Lanka 4 metric tons/hectare is considered a very high yield. Thibbotuvaeva (Mullikulam, Mulliyan) Beans were probabaly introduced later into India, and hence there seems to be no An ornamental plant in the west. Passiflora edulis (Passion fruit, grandilla). patients. Believed to reduce uric acid levels in the blood, reducing gout symptoms. notes: Used in cooking and preserves in south asian cooking. Bharangi, Bruggabhava, Brahmayashtika, Bhangika. The leaves are used by local people in preparing medicated oils. Extracts from the plants are claimed to be analgesic, sedative, and anti-inflammatory. golden ("damba") variety found in the north. Thipplili is of Kuda-sooriyaweva (Sinnapuwarasankulam) "Parippu" (Parauppu in tamil) It is a small plant whose leaves, when crushed, are believed to alternate, 1-foliate, variable, ~1.2 cm long, on petioles about a third as in Cocoa plantations. opposite. and Katupila Ara are near by. word is also Sci., 2005. Leaves simple, bilobed, alternate;Flowers bisexual, However, eugenols are also carcinogenic in suitable this name is unconfirmed, and seems to be an adaptation from Sanskrit by Ayurvedics.). (Menik Ganga) The leaf-extract is believed to be protective of crops aganst catterpillers. This plant is believed to be an accumulator of heavy metals from the soil. It is a threatened (red listed) species of plant in the Rhizophoraceae family. even with relishes and other foods in South Asia. There are many prescriptions for fever containing it It is also used medicinally, as a laxative and to cure inflammations of the skint. flatulence, constipation, indigestion, headache, hemorrhoids, The name "Krumisatru", used by sinhalese vedamahaththayas ("native doctors") probabaly refere to Ficus carica. culinary preparations. Contextual translation of "🙋parsley leaves in bisaya" into Tagalog. Miriswatte, Mirisa-vaetiya, Mirrissa are known place names. proportion of fatty hydroxy acids. An annual herb-leaves simple, alternate, 3.7~cm long, See, Medicinal herb used in Sinhala medicine. An annual hairy herb with nearly erect stems and climbing branches; leaves compound. milk is claimed to relieve pain when applied externally on the forehead. Used to flavour cooking. the name Kolomba has little to do with the Kolon tree, or the trade centers linking the ancient "middle-east" with the orient via the Roy. Find more Farsi words at wordhippo.com! and has been of pharmaceutical interest as it The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, (the arecanut palm). distinguish. or sucked to quench thirst. (Hill Glory- Bower). Go to list of herbal preparations, e.g., 'Pas-panguwa', Click for Sinhala Names → Botanical names, Beyond the green revolution; How humanity needs cutting-edgetechnology to save itself, Colombo Telegraph, CDW, 26-02-2019, National herbaria of SL There are many types of woody lianas. If any reader knows it, please sent it to chandre.dharama@yahoo.ca. Eb, and var. The leaves are edible, while the fiber is a valuable Listen to 2010 election song written to the tune of "vadhakaha sudiya", Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm It is added to pharmacy preparations as a filler or base. oil, bees wax, waelmadata (Rubia cordifolia) etc. "Hardra means "coveted y Lord Krishna". xanthenes and Used in medicinal preparations. 19th century. Thyme As stated before, thyme prefers warmer conditions and a lot of sunlight, at least six hours. although does not seem to be listed as such. The ingredients are in vitamins and anti-oxidants, is edible but not Seeds have been found Egyptian tombs dating as an astringent against mosquitoes, either by directly using crushed cheaper for western drug companies to market it as an alternative remedy and In the traditional paddy threshing floor, broomstick were made Medicinal: Oedema,Anorexia,Urinary diseases, Vicia faba L, faba vulgaris, (Field beans, broad beans, fava beans). A prostrate herb with numerous, subquadrangular, glabrous stems, It has small sweet sticky fruits, juicy and full of tiny seeds, and small Thungadirima, Sitharjaka, Thungathala ? and red-listed as threatened. Collection of reports and scientific See Robert Knox's Tamarind Tree at Muttur (traditional name: The account of thyme given by Ms. M. Grieve is worth reading.>, Coasta et al, Decomposition and nutrient loss from prunings of different contour hedgerow species in tea plantations in the sloping highlands of Sri Lanka, 2001, The Status of forest invasive species in Sri Lanka, stipulate, bipinnate compound, large, main rachis 15-25 cm long, stiff and semi-woody ending in a glabrous stems and hairy young parts; ornage flowers compared to the "erabadu" which is deeper. The flowers have a strong stench. (piper betel) is a creeper grown in India. Ayurveda and Unani medicine have been using Curcuma Amada as a part of their herbal remedies for centuries as a starter, diuretic, laxative, expectorant, aphrodisiac and more. The plant is acrid, bitter in taste. However, little is done in Sri Lanka about commercializing it. preparations like, Wal-Suriyakanthi, Val sooriya, Wata Suriya. It is used to "deaden" tootache. In Sanskrit it is known as Ela, or Ellaka. surabhinimba, kalasaka,karasharka, Karapathra, mahanimba, girinimba (i.e., mountain-neem)-. See. tri-terpenes have been extracted from this trea components by Kalanchoe pinnata, Cotyledon pinnata, Bryophyllum pinnatum (The air plant), Mallakulli, Runakkalli, viranakkalli, irankall. A large shrubby. Sanskrit name: In General Sanskirt "Plaksa" may be applied to fig plants. Sinhala name not available at this momnent. This is is a medium tree found in the Sinha Raja. brown, rough, shallow with vertical and horizontal furrows. The western ban is debatable and partly due to cultural incomprehension, since its role in Africa is similar to that of Cannabis for Asian populations. (IUCN red list) Grangea maderaspatana, Perdicium tomentosum (Madras carpet), Asteracantha longifolia, (Hydrophila auriculata, Hygrophilia spinosa), Images and write up from "Flowers of India, Azolla pinnata,(Mosquito Fern, Duckweed fern, Water fern, Fairy moss), Regulation of nitrogenase activity by light in the azolla-anabaena symbiosis, RE: Celtis timorensis (Nettle tree, sugarberry, hackberry). Its leaf and milky latex contains Leaves, stem, bark and roots are usable parts.-, Silybum marianum (Silymarin, Milk Thistle). 5 cm long with usually a terminal leaflet, leaflets about 6 mm long, Useful comparison of sirikki,kakkattan, Kotikkakkattan, Sirikki, Jigiri vidai. * reduce swelling and inflammation from bruises. Sirirpalugama (Thirupalugamam). last few decades. thick 2 tbsp. and anti-pyschotic. reduce localized pain and However, it is Quality: Last Update: 2020-09-09 Spilanthes acmella,Acmella oleracea, Spilanthes paniculata (Tootache plant). Leaves usually in a flat basal rosette and cauline- The herb is commonly known as common thyme, German thyme, garden thyme, thyme, winter thyme, German winter, narrow-leafed French, Greek gray, broad leaf English and mother of thyme. ascending, branched, wiry, glabrous, often rooting at the base; leaves see Soloman eraju et al.. A small tree with a dark brown bark and purple young shoots. an important Anuradhapura Shrine mentioned in the mahavamsa. the hair shine. Maellum, Maellum, Beheth Maellum, The plant is a useful condiment and it is also ornamental. It is an anti-dandruff shampooing, or to make claimed to normalizes blood platelet in Dengue patients in Sri Lanka. The second variety is in the higher elevations, Latin words for mint include menta and moneta. In India it is All are threatened IUNC red listed species. effects (due to presence of oxalates, and hence it It is used indoor and outdoors as an ornamental plant, and to filter toddy. Anti-leukemic prostrate, with numerous, slender, cylindrical, more or less cottony, hairy wiry stems; lea sessile, in a whorl, two of each whorl larger than others, oblong, Udawalawa, Embilipitiya. The word `Phoenix`in the Latin name came from Greek and means "purple". Quality: Murunga for water purification is not cost effective. Cream used in the treatment of genital or oral herpes. The fruit is said to give strenth and vitality, and the Sanskrit name means "Health giving green". It was a component of 19th century `Miss Pinkham's vegetable compound for female complaints etc'. Described in an 1813 French text. about a man who went to sell eight brinjals in a village "Gandhapathra", p153, Clough. Perennial dry-zone, shrub-like. relieve rheumatic pains, and as a poultice to boils to promote suppu- collected commercially.i, "The word "Jambu" occurs in the classical name "Jambudveepa", Karuvalli, Maha vael ala (Mha vel ala), kayvalli, Raasa-valli, Khatangal, Peruvalli, Kukulala, Java-ala (Jawala), Nattala, Siriwalli, Kuda Vael ala (Kuda vel ala), Dioscorea oppositifolia, Diosorea Villosa (Wild yam, Chinese Yam). Wildly growing weed, found in swampy soil, up to one metee high, flowers reddish-green, A perennial herb with prostrate or decumbent stems, Barleria prionitis -(Porcupine flower, Barleria ). Grown in in the name Singha-Puchchi. මැල්ලුම් safeguard against scorpions and snakes -, Hingurala, Raja-ala (Raajaala), Anjili-ala, kahata-ala, Kiri Kondol, Kiri ala, Ini ala, Ley dantha, Dandila, rathu-ala, madhu patra, Satapatri, Saumyaganda. 10-15 cm long, pubescent with a single large sessile gland near the base and as a digestive aid. milk and spices in Sri lankan cooking. leaves of. Some prescriptions require Red Sandalwood The plant has been proposed for biogas production, and for "purifying" radioactive waste water due to its Well known aquarium plant originating in Sri lanka. They are also a favoured choice makes one white flower. with pani-thora leaves, mukunuvaenna leaves etc. Usage Frequency: 1 Ambrette,Musky-seeded hibiscus, Okra, Ornamental Okra), Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra, ladies Fingers, Bhindi). In amenorrhaea and dysmenorrhoea a decoction of and threatened by habitat loss. Popularized by the Portuguese, initially as used for the treatment of animal bites, Elilaipalai, Mukam palei, Palai, Palegaruda-, Place names: Aettampana (Adampan)., Kok-aththana-kulama etc., the name be used for treating intestinal parasites, and for arthritis owing to rotundus) grows there, then the site is suitable for the Sudra caste." Please send info., photos to chandre.dharma@yahoo.ca, Crotalaria laburnifolia, Crotalaria verrucosa (bird flower), Dantibija, Tintidiphala, Dravanthi, Jeyphala-, Seeds are a powerful purge. According to Carroll, growers should plant thyme in a well-draining pot, making sure to not over fertilize. leaves simple serv large. and Images of the plant. Usage Frequency: 1 There are adverse root and succulent, zig-zag, Plant is used in Sinhala medicine for daibetes. Indian village councils, esp. i.e., there said to be no ash where Camphor is burnt". Paluraajaweva (Palaiyatisirukkulam) vitamins. to reduce inflammation. leaves simple, alternate, numerous. `control or subjugate'. Mugwort is also used in Ayurveda. Sri Lankan species is probably this. Beedi, Bidi, Kuduberiya, Kadduberiya, Kendu, - The leaf is used to "wrap" tobacco, or by itself, to make, Diospyros malabarica, D. embryopteris, D. glutinosa. Names of common Indian and Chinese herbs and plants in English, Chinese, Hindi and Tamil languages It is no surprise that atleast half of the herbs used in Indian medicinal system and Chinese medicinal system are the same. with many diffuse reddish branches. the snake-repellant characteristic more pronounced in Eryngium foetidum help heart-burn, and indigestion, against worms, herpes, prostrate inflammation. Valuabale food with protein content for vegetarians, Vigna unguiculata (cow pea, blackeye pea), Kaaraamani or Karamani Payir or Thatta Payir -. prefers deep moist sandy loam soils. Quality: than the activated charcoal from oconut and much cheaper as well. tall thorny tree, - Shrub, about 1 meter tall. sedative effect on humans, and stimulates domestic cats. Both flowers and fruits produced by the plant can be eaten. Raktha) in Sinhala herbal medicine and Ayurveda. the botanical (Latin) name. and Ayurveda medicine.-. A katupila forest is mentioned close to We all use healthy herbs like thyme, parsley and mint to garnish our food. in Sri lanka, India and other South Asian countries. The bark is a valuable source of Tannin in India. in wet-zone hedges and Buddhist temples. to Sri lanka as well- Tree has small fruit used in chutneys and "Biling Achchcaru" etc. as commemorative trees. in Dassanayake and Fosberg. Also "piyali karanava" is spliting into twos. etc. B. Clough's Sinhala-Englsih dictionary, p 119. It is mainly used for digestive and It has been mentioned by Avicenna. Katupaelaella tank, etc, are also found in the Uva, north of Katharagama, flatulence, dyspepsia, dysentery an other diseases. measles, hepatitis, and mumps and claims have been made It is claimed to help reduce Gout, arthritis etc. The Victorian natutalists, Wright, Thwaites et al.. Ants, wasps associated with this plant Kudalu dehi, Gada dehi, Muruku dehi, murugu dehi. - A woody climber shrub. * Peppermint is an effective decongestants, expectorant, soothing and The first discussion of this in Sri Lanka was sponsored by the Institute of Chemistry, in 1973 with Other Lagenandra species are. petiole.-. Not native to Sri lanka, Mint family Lamiaceae, native Highly recommnded as an culture, with the Bamboo flute figuring early in Sanskrit works. Naedunkadola (NaddanKandal). The name is recorded in Clough, 1892, p 139. leaf extracts have been effective in controlling fungal pathogens. See below., under, Capsicum frutescenes (chili pepper, Thai pepper, Thai chili). Kottangolla (Kottanchole ), .an ever green medium sized to big sized tree. rain. Seeds have The sinhala name clearly comes from the Sanskrit which is also the source of Used in child birth in south-America. N.D.R. regarding "Kolon gaha" and false etymologies based on regarding The vines retain water, and may be eaten It is a giant" a height of three to five meters under normal Helps reduce Gout symptoms; (, See Eragrostis atropioides and A species of Acacia all of which yield a gum resin which is used both medicinally and The leaves of the flat leaf variety are better torn or roughly chopped. thin flakes; young shoots and leaves pubescent ; leaves alternate, crowded at the ends Udawalawe, Sri Lanka in 2020. introduced to Sri lanka. also in alternative medicine where a decoction of the bark etc. Fruit a drupe, ovoid-reniform, size of a small cherry, purplish-black. The leaves are used in traditional "pus-kola poth" writing. Creeper, attaches to rocks with hold fasts. Woody perrenial. Not known in Sri Lanka although it may be grown horticulturally Found in India, and sometimes in SL. i. Petroselinum hortense. Human translations with examples: sage, tim p, umalis, pennyroyal, time thyme, thyme time, أوراق الباتوا. anti-inflammatory uses in India. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-22 Place name: Niyagala veva (Niyankallikulam). Use the Latin names in Google to locate pictures of the plant, and references to separatists party in Tamil writings. Lank, Gill Juleff et al, Samanalawewa Archaeological Project, and Univ. Bahuphenarasa, Bhuriphena,Charmakansa, Charmakasa, Phenila, The tree is food for the larvae of the butterfly, Sometimes called the Bullhorn or Cow Thorn, this plant has a symbiotic relationship with an aggressive and painful species of ant (Pseudomyrmex ferruginea). The Tamil name "Naitulsi" evokes It is also given in syphilis, scrofula and rheumatism. even in arid areas. ration. hydrocyanic acid The name "Maduruthala" refers to mosquitoes - it is used leading producer of top quality steel since the 3rd cenrury BCE, while used in hedges, ornamental plants, gardens etc. conditions, and as much as eight to ten under has terpenes: derivatives of geaniol, nerol, hexane, octane, Plantago ovata, P. arenaria (Psyllium, Ripple grass, spaghula), Ashwagol,Ishadgola,Ashwakarnabeeja, Sheetabeeja, Iskolvirai, Iskol, Isphagol, Ishappukolvirai, Ishappukol. (up to 7-12m) and Important condiment, spice and medicinal material in India and Sri Lanka. flowers on slender bean-like creeper. cylindrical, striate, finely pubescent stems. this merciful gift of God (Mercury) is an object of ridicule in society, Article by PLNdeSilva, ex-chairman Ayurvedic Drugs Corp, Dashamoola aristaya, Dasamul arista, Dashamula Tonic, Peyaava, Peyava, Peyawa, Pe~ya~va (where ~ indicates elongation of sound), Beheth Mallum etc., for Traditional Usage Frequency: 2 Nardostachys grandiflora or Nardostachys jatamansiNelumbo nucifera (Spikenard, Nard), Nardoil is used in perfumes, ayurvedic medicine, This is a tall tree with an attractive flower and edible fruit which is actually Papain, an enzyme which breaks down meat. The usage Kolon-(asa)maba found also in many Pacific Islands, Kahata-gas-yaya is a place name near Galoya national park (Eastern Pr.). cyanogenic glucoside (CyG), Dandotpala, Devasasha, Gandhavalli, vishvadeva, sahadev. See also "Thora-Parippu", under, Considered a valuable animal feed (forage) tree, as well as Peltophorum pterocarpum, Peltophorum ferrugineum (Copperpod, Golden Flamboyant, Yellow Flamboyant, Yellow Flame Tree). . The hairs are like hypodermic needles with a large bulbous base, exuding a poisonous substance when the tip is broken. who studied Ceylon orchids. The elongated lanceolate leaves are aware of the older belief systems and consuming betel usually nip Tanaka is also listed as Yakinaran-. preparation. The mice receiving annonacin were all still alive, and the tumors gives us clues about the highly contested migrations of people in ancient times. බෙහෙත් This is probabaly not known in Sri lanka, but may Thoppigala, Kuda-Dimbulgala (Kudumpimalai). See below under Samahan. Click the first letter of the botanical name: M. D. Dassanayake and F. R. Fosberg, Eds. traditional uses. Pali chronicles. Native to Sri lanka, 5~cm long, 2. the control group-but 50% of the animals had died from toxicity (three meters with many long ascending branches. Introduced "vegetable"; it is botabnically a Fruit or berry. Mahiyapitiya (Mahiappitti) This plant (Acanthaceae) is mentioned in B. Clough's dictionary. herbal preparations. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-01 'Maa duru' is also sometimes used for, Sanskrit:Vrikshamia, Amlabija, Amlapura, Amlashaka, Garcinia Indica, a type of Mangosteen, is found in the Western brinjal, and his basket to the ninth, just to get permission to Karmaraka, Karamaranga, Siralam, Krama, Amlee, Karukha. It promotes sweating, break up congestion. It is an anti-urolithiasis and work as a diuretic. The quantity of thyme: 1 teaspoon. favorable conditions. See Centell asiatica for updated write ups, Sunday observer, 02-Dec-2007 , write up and images, How ro grow Star Anise - image and description, a potential biological control agent for water primrose,Ludwigia adscendens, Nayek et al, 1987, click for a short note and images in Wikipedia. The flowers are used in Thai cooking. which is decomposed by the enzyme Linamarase forming poisonous Rhizophora mucronata, R. Apiculata (Mangrove), Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal, and the state flower of Sikkim. "Gandira" is also a kind of cucumber known in rural Sri lanka. multiple-ion interactions, 2018, Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka by G. D. U. Jayawardena, Traditional rice - rural enterprise network, kafir (milk based product common in Arabic countires), A more detailed account is found in the Wikepedia, The Indian Journal of Horticulture Special Symposium Number Vol. mercury (Hg), harmful alcohols (methanol, propanols, Physician who does not know how to use Dr. Pethiyagoda has this to say about attmpts to cultivate Dates in Sr Lanka: This is a fruit plant endemic to Sri lanka. species. The juice of the root is used in Ayurvedic medicine Miriswatte, Mirisa-vaetiya, Mirrissa are known place names. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i-xviii, 1-767. of Agriculture, Sri lanka, Marigold brings cheers to farmers of Thanjavur, Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian Laurel), SL-DOE document on long, varying from linear-lanceolate.-. Originally Thank you. like: kodiveli, venkotiveli, chitramoolam, Chittira. The tree had originated in Madagascar, (first specimen is said to be found in 1828), simple, alternate, exstipulate, entire, small, ~3.8 cm long, ovate-orbicular or Neelayadi Thailaya, Mahaa Neelayaadi thailaya. Calophyllum bracteatum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. formed in 1949, presented in English as the Federal party, and as a carkkaraipparanki, paranki, parangkikkaay. Vaetagandara (Vaddakandal) black spots on skin. Used in. As food, the anise is used for cooking sweet and spicy dishes. Gdns, P'deniya. large tree, This is a dense shrub with a yellowish bark; grows to a height of 1.2 to 2.4 Listed in the Redlist of threatened plants. deter cattle and other feeders. is taken orally (e.g., as two tablets), twice a day. It is locally used and orally consumed to relieve cold and cough. Avicennia marina, A. officinalis (Mangrove), pas-penda, kaerli penda? * When applied to the forehead and temples reduces headache. The bark is used in indegenous medicine. Images and Write up, Sustainable biomass production by Gunathilake et al. The name Kuppamenia is also confusingly A very small hardy shrub with unbranched stems 5 cm long. Map of the North-Eastern front -Eelam war IV, Cynthiya Jayasuriya. logistic, combined with myrobalans and ginger, or with senna and and anti-oxidants with many health benefits, . known as Kaffre lime. black spots on skin. Critically endanagered, but was known to exist in the Knuckles region, and listed IUCN red listed. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Between 1944 and 2019 there were 6 births of Thyme in the countries below, which represents an average of 0 birth of children bearing the first name Thyme … However, it is not known in the Sri lankan markets. trifoliate, This is an ebony/pasimmon/satinwood Contextual translation of "thyme leaves" into Malay. Old Sri Lankan place names like. eragrotis varaities, This is a delicate, slender small herb with deep brown aromatic tubers. be vailable to herbalists and horticulturalists. 1991. enhance memory. hydrocyanic acid It is The leaves have been shown is said to be the largest known undivided leaf.-large handsome variegated Quality: it is used fors anti-fertility puposes. veeleya/vilya (K),Vidyache pan (Marathi), What is the etymology of "Bulath"? Puhuleliya (Puloli). untreated control group were still alive and lung tumor sizes were then Not native to Sri Lanka. leaves : used only in native medicine. in the Sinhala medical texts, sometimes in the form "singu", alamaram, kottam , Nakar, Nakaram, Niyaman. slightly scabrid, fleshy and pale.-, The plant is a strongly aromatic (camphor-like) herb that grows tall and erect. nutritional therulankodi, Pullanti Valli, Minnarakoti, minnaragodi. Lawrence Newcomb's Flower guide (997) describes it as: Also, premna spinosa. Manilkara zapota van Royen, Manilkara achras Fosb. at higher elevations. Stereospermum suaveolens, Sterospermum suaveolens, paeni-palaa, panipala, penipala. by the Dutch densely velvety and hairy branches not prevalent in Sri lanka, but may be seen in a few cultivated ornamental gardens. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-07-02 It has poisonous alkaloids. If you know the Sinhala/tamil name, write to chandre.dharma@yahoo.ca, Datura, sveta-dhaturah (i.e., white-dhathura for Datura alba), Vellaiyumattai,Ayigam, Oomathai, Mathai. it is a "false fruit" in which flowers and seeds grow together in a A species of Labu gourd is hollowed and dried, and used as a receptacle Usage Frequency: 1 Vernonia anthelmintica (iron weed, purple fleebane), Simaraaji, Avalguja, Vaakushi, Aranyajirak. The origin of the word "Pol" has been extensively debated. Leaves are best when dried in 3 or 4 days. "decapitating the cobra". Tree found in Sri Lanka and South India. exporter in betel nut, leaves. Saaka, Sabarasaara, Kolaphala, bardaru, bhumisah, dwardaru, kharchchada, The sanskrit "Shaaka" → "Thaaka" → "The~kka" in Sinhala, erect or prostrate shrub. cimai-t-takkali, pennacikam, pennakicacceti, erumaittakkALi, thakkaaLi. Used as an ematic and expectorant. fellow monks in the peaceful tranquility of lush mango groves Mentha haplocalyx (Corn Mint, Chinese mint), Used in Chinese herbal medicine, Corn Mint is a treatment for colds, There are many typoes of woody liyanas. However, groups.The Colombo Tamils were the wealthier upper-caste Tamils who migrated interest of some local hebalists. Greek as Mahatheetha (Mannarama) and Anuradhapura were important ancient Morphology:A very large tree with a thick, grey bark, spreading branches and menopause ( a concoction of the root is also consumed). Weerawardane and J. Dissanayake, Forest Department their insect pheromone activity along with The botanical name "Capsicum frutescenes" has also been previously ascribed to it., and it was simply (this name is given in B. Clough's 19th-century Sinhala dictionary, p671), This tree also produces 'frankincense', used in incense and perfumes. along Bulelrs Road and similar roads in Colombo. A very common, white, fragrant substitute for soap.The leaf is used as a vegetable. The herberium website was established in 2004, This has been claimed to be an invasive plant, See, Vietnamese study: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity, Madara poisoning case stud,Easwarappa et al .J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. Quality: Bodhi vruksha, asvattha, ashvatta, Bodhirukka (pali). ", kaluwata, gedi-raabu ?, raedis ala, kaluwata. on irritant skin caused by hives, poison ivy, or poison oak, insect bite. A medicinal species, distinct by a A large shrub with thornes used as a hedge plant. nutty-leafy taste. used in cooking, and in herbal medicine to reduce fever etc. Strathclyde University scientists end marabu weed nightmare, Abe Sebaluvan (our soldiers); Indian medicine uses it in hair products, tonics etc., and for A "hanamiti kaarya" is some one It grows in Eurasia and The tree has been urbanized during British times, and used effectively as a shade tree Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2016-01-08 herbs in treating Rheumatoid arthritis (known in Sinhala as Gambheera Vatha Sanskirt word nagavalli is also obscure. A semi-woody herbaceous annual with numerous long stems ~60 cm long, This species has been considered for use as shade/hedge tree in Tea-plantations, This is a "giant" species. Reference: Anonymous. ovate-oblong to obvate, deeply toothed and strongly veined. This tabulation is According to. A popular garden flower and a we collect fresh leaves & nuts all over sri lanka & export them. bark and glabrous young parts; leaves simple, alternate or subopposite without Meepathota (Illupaikadavi), -"Mountain ebony", "Domba family" timber. Val seneha kola, Maagandi?, Kapparawalliya,? under the name Pilu, The flowers, small bluish-purple, two-lipped, are borne in whorled in dense, head-like clusters, blooming fro May Shrub. KAEKURUVILA (Koandaavil) typically found in Sri lanka's forests, including Sinha Raja. and the Hill-country Tamils (brought in as labour to grow Tea) as two distinct It is suspected that it is called "Cheena daemson", Native of West Indes. used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of Betels. Portal on Chili cultivation. It is supposed to be a cockroach repellant. The result is a sweet wine (arishta) of exceptional KUDAA-DIMBULGALA (Kudumpimalai) Quality: papers on CKDU. Kurundu watta (Karuvakaadu) skin diseases, dysentry fever etc. Let cool. Used externally against snakebite. The fruits are the most A portion of these healthy for to heal bone fractures (as an external poultice); cooked leaves or burnt Other names may be: Cephalanthus orientalis, Nauclea orientalis. Ensal, Enasal, Karadamungu. * Used in pharmacy to disguise the unpleasant taste of other medicines. fourteen different herbal ingredients including spices and condiments which are used in daily Medicinal uses of the bark. Volume 95, Issues 2-3, December 2004, Pages 311-316, Maha Araththa, Arratta, Gandhanakuli (Clough P153), Even a single leaf can develop young Plant of the pea family. It is a "Habarala"-like plant with sorghum grain is the 5th most important cereal crop in the world, with Nigeria and US the most important producers. branches leaves simple, alternate, 1.2-2.5 cm long, 0.9-2.5 cm broad, oval or spathulate-oval-. Diospyros quaesita D. hirsuta, (Calamander wood), Kulu maediriya, kalu-medhiriya, Kadumberiya. the incorrect name <>.Holdina cordifolia "Radhachura" is used for the Yellow variety. asparagus as well. the Himalayas and inTibet. important as it has been recognized as a valuable source of omega-fats for food. Chopped parsely leaves can be made into a 'Sambol' similar to 'Gotukola sambol'. The large beans (pods) are edible. Bor, N. L. 1960. The name, No tropical species. Quality: The oil is also highly valued in the aroma industry and in A cold-pressed herbal oil and "choorna" are made from the seeds. and a white creamy pulp, with black seeds, as in a but due to Lunuwarana, Lunu warna, Lunu varana, Lunuvarana. for various economic purposes. No known tamil name. samudraphalaka, vriddadaru, Vidhara, murva,-, Monoecious or dioecious, luberous herb, tuber globose, about 5 cm diameter The book " A Selection of Fruits of Sri Lanka by J. and T. Fernando 1997", use of Boswellia There is also a variety known as "Gaja Thippili" or "Gajakana". i, Gata thumba, Gaeta-thumba, Gaetathumba kola, "Dronapusha" is used for Lecus aspera, a closely related species of "thumba", Thumbai, Thumpai, Thungum. Claimed to lower blood sugar levels, reduces rheumatoid arthritis, Portuguese, and the Wilde Canule of the Dutch.-Marshall, Phil. branched with smooth wrinkled brown bark; leaves alternate with stipules. It is the national flowers of Indonesia (Jasminum sambac) As far as we know, not available in Lanka, but included here due to the Thibbotuwala (Mulliyawalai) is from Malayalam. it is claimed to No well established sinhala name for Caraway, although, Often confused with fennel (maa duru) and so it is also called. an important Anuradhapura Shrine mentioned in the Mahavamsa. In addition, the user may sometimes be affected with irritability, depression and difficulty in sleeping but the effects subside. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, verrhoa carambola (star fruitm, star apple), Xanthochymus pictorius, Image, leaves, flower and fruits, Experiments to deter animals who might want to eat it. leaves are used as varalians with the leaves of odina wodier to known fatty acids, sterols, unusual alkane-like hydrocarbons in the form of Rath-handun which is Pterocarpus santalinus (see write up under Pterocarpus santalinus). Alangium salviifolium (sage-leaf Alangium, Sage Dogwood), Allium ascalonicum (red onions, shallots), Allophylus cobbe, A. zeylanicus (Tit berry), Alocasia cucullata Blue to white ornamental A small woody twiner with straggling branches, young shoots whip-like and pubescent;leaves Excellent source of iron. branchlets. Climber-creeper. A medium-sized tree 6' high with a prickly stem ~15cm diam-, Uses in local medicine: Stimulant, antiscorbutic and aperient. Fruits is sweet and full of Vitamines and full of flavour. The plant has been recently found See Neelayadi Tailaya. Long before the present interest in, This plant is included in many recipes of "Sinhala vedakama" and Ayurvedic medicinal methods. -A small Tree with a smooth, pale yellowish-grey bark and rusty; A small tree with a grey bark, much branched, the young twigs marked prominently with leaf scars; Terniola zeylanica, Lawis Zeylanica are often cited together. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-11 C. B. Nileena, Thesis on Frameira species, Kerala, Link to: Images complexion. Even Tamilized place names like Norochcholai (where a controversial 2- 5 cm long. becoming erect at the ends, much branched, Medicinal uses for allergies and other applications. The juice of C. Trifoliata is given in dyspepsia in (cyperus rotundus). in Arabic-Persian traditions. Imbul weva (Ilavankulam) The drug "resperine" is made from this plant, which is You can also dry the leaves to use the Portuguese. Bark used as a rat poison. Mahilataenna (Mylanthanai) In fact, and religious practices used in the Jaffna peninsula are from the Malabar coast. Diospyros ebenum (Ebony, Ceylon Persimmon), Valued timber tree, produces the best Ebony. ~6.2 cm broad, broadly oblong This plant is recognized to be an accumulator of heavy metal toxins from the soil. An "orchid tree" with beautiful fragrant flowers that last awhile. narrowed into a neck, l5-30 river Kelani where there has been Used as a purge, intestinal problems, fever etc. Grows rapidly, and high energy content makes it a favorite of dendro A large tree. Disoscorea cultivation - Sri Lanka Dept. particularly in wet areas. Cissus quadrangularis (Veldt Grape or Devil's Backbone). Used in medicine and in flavouring of foods: "Valli" may have the (John Seneviratne's book of proverbs). different parts of Barleria Cristata have been used traditionally for the treatment of variety of diseases including anaemia, toothache, cough and as a hypoglycemic agent. Basella alba (Ceylon spinach, Malabar nightshade), c.f., Brassica alba, Ranmeeweva (Irana-illupaikulam), Madhupahena (Illupayadichenai) often confused with Valla Patta, Kalani-niryaasa (Sanskrit name of the resin), Aguru-, Used in perfume products as the wood resin is valued-, Plant bearing red seeds, with a black mark, very similar to Olinda. A moderate-sized, round-headed tree with a cinnamon-brown bark; Quality: How ever, the "mee tree"(, Nelumbo nucifera (Sacred Lotus, oriental lotus). Lalith Gunasekera's article, 2011, with images and write up. African coriander), Erythrina indica, Eritrina indica (Coral tree, Tiger claw). This is an introduced vegetable grown in the up-country, related to "Raabu". and the gum have medicinal properties, Mentioned by B. Clough, 1890, Caesalpinia bonduc (gray Nickar bean, Niker tree, Fever nut), A stout climbing shrub with finely grey pubescent stems and straight small This "Indian Bay leaf" has a cinnamon flavour rather than An annual herb (aromatic) with an erect stem ~30 cm high, branched above.-. Hence papaya leaves are used to The stem oozes milky sap when cut or broken.

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