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IV. An anticipatory consolation to the saints under the coming trials of the Church. He is "the Alpha and the Omega;" and as these letters form the beginning and ending of the Greek alphabet, we suppose they are meant to denote all that can be contained in the language of man. The "first-born of every creature" is His name (Colossians 1:15). The name as given in full is, "the Alpha and the Omega; the beginning and the ending; the first and the last; the Lord; who is, and who was, and who is to come; the Almighty." And then say, what can be stronger, in proof of eternity, and all divine perfections? It is the very fullness which we need—and it is accessible to us; free to us; brought down to earth and placed at our side; pressed upon us, that we may take it and use it all. 1905. 2. Thus, Jesus here reveals Himself in this book of the Revelation; for all these excellences come forth into special manifestation in this glorious book, which may well be called the fifth gospel—the record of Christ in heaven—the unveiling of His love and power. Thrice in this Chapter, here, and again at Revelation 1:11; Rev_1:17, the Lord Jesus takes to himself these characters of distinction. In a similar manner, as often as God performed some remarkable work, we read that He or His name was known: Psalms 76:1; Psalms 83:18; Isaiah 52:6; Ezekiel 39:7. God is living with his people. 1828. 1, 2), but the all-inclusive power of God, which comes fully into play in the new order of things inaugurated by the second advent. BibliographyKnollys, Hanserd. I am Alpha and Omega. Accomplishing finally what I begin. That which man calls space, from its one extremity (if we may use the word) to the other extremity is all in Him. 70. BibliographyScott, Walter. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". Amen. Often in Revelation, but nowhere else in the New Testament, except 2 Corinthians 6:18, quoted from Isaiah. On our hands the threads are broken; in His hands they have never been rent. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Thus, in the assurance that the Lord will come in His might for the accomplishment of His plans, the Seer is prepared to enter upon a description of the visions which he had enjoyed. Revelation 1:8. The advent of the Christ, which marks the end of the age, is brought about by God, who overrules ( παντοκράτωρ always of God in Apocalypse, otherwise the first part of the title might have suggested Christ) even the anomalies and contradictions of history for this providential climax. The beginning is the surety for the end. Revelation was written to the Seven Churches of Asia Minor, which is now modern Turkey (Rev. But whenever God's work and witnesses revive, the devil's work and witnesses fall before him. College Press, Joplin, MO. The description of the verse applies, with little doubt, to our Lord, and the words are a strong declaration of His divinity. "says R. Levi, Tau is the end of the seal of the holy blessed God, for says R. Chanina, the seal of the holy blessed God is "truth": says R. Samuel bar Nachmani, these are the children of men who confirm the whole law "from Aleph to Tau" (t). The words, "the beginning and the ending," are right in the text of Revelation 21:6 and Revelation 22:13, but wrong here. Revelation 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. κύριος ὁ θεὸς κ.τ.λ. But if, after all, the words should be understood as spoken by the Father, our Lord’s applying so many of these titles afterward to himself, plainly proves his partaking with the Father in the glory peculiar to the divine nature, and incommunicable to any creature.” See Bishop Pearson on the Creed, p. 175. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-1.html. (f) I am he before whom there was nothing, indeed, by whom everything that is made, was made: and I shall remain though everything else should perish. When God appeared to Moses in the bush, He called Himself אהיה, I will be. Study the bible online using commentary on Revelation 1:8 and more! The word “Omega” (like “Omicron,” “Epsilon,” “Upsilon,”) is a mediaeval barbarism; but it is a convenient one, and it has secured a firm place in our language by the English rendering of this passage. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. The unconditional supremacy of God over the world, which is placed before our eyes by the Beginning, since God made heaven and earth, since he spake and it was done, commanded and it stood fast, is also brought again into notice by the end. The epithet, Lord God, corresponds to the Old Testament combination, Jehovah Elohim, i.e. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. All things are in His hands. τὸ ἄλφα καὶ τὸ ὦ: not the finality (Oesterley, Encycl. See, The Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, which is, and which was, and which is to come, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary, ζευς ην, ζευς εστι, ζευς εσσεται, ω μεγαλε ζευ, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. In Christ, Genesis, the Alpha of Scripture, and Revelation, the Omega, meet; the last presenting man and God reconciled in Paradise, as the first presented man at the beginning innocent and in God's favour in Paradise. Now, these are the distinguishing characters of Jehovah. For here the expression employed is ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος, and ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος, ch. He is also powerful enough to bring what John just predicted to pass. The Almighty.—The word thus rendered is, with one exception (2Corinthians 6:18), peculiar to this book in the New Testament. Elsewhere in the Septuagint παντοκράτωρ always stands for “Sabaoth.” So in the Athanasian Creed, “Almighty” is coupled with the Divine names “God” and “Lord,” not with the Divine attributes “eternal, incomprehensible, uncreated.”. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-1.html. Which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty: Ὁ πρῶτος καὶ ὁ ἔσχατος, Alpha and O, The First and the Last, The Beginning and the End. The words seem to mean the former, the close connexion with the preceding verse suggests the latter. Bible Toggle Dropdown. 8. τὸ ἄλφα καὶ τὸ ὦ. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Anticipatory consolation under the Church's coming trials. Thus far have we considered this passage separately: it now comes to be compared with the parallel passages. Stuart cautions us against adducing this as a proof text in favour of the divinity of Christ. WORDS OF JESUS IN RED. I… the Lord—God should be added as the true reading. It is a figure to indicate completeness, similar to saying a man knows his business "from A to Z." The emphasis is to be laid upon the Omega. CHAPTER 1. The speaker is not Christ, but neither is it God the Father in contrast to Christ (against this decides, besides the relation to Revelation 1:7, the circumstance of the Alpha and the Omega being also attributed to Christ), but God in the undivided oneness of his being, without respect to the difference of persons. How could eternal life be brought nearer, or made more accessible? He is also the ever existing One Who is there with His people, the One Who always was, the One Who always will be. The Greek word occurs nine (App-10) times in Rev. Relig. "Light & Truth: Bible Thoughts and Themes on Revelation". Prologue. We have lifted our service for six weeks now. "]It proclaims with emphasis at once, Fear, and Fear not. 1 Third Creature Speaks. DD. Revelation 1:8. Transcribers probably inserted it from Revelation 21:6. Alpha and Omega = The Alpha and the Omega. See on Matthew 21:3. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-1.html. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". III. And, to confirm it yet more finally, and fully, in the last Chapter of this book of the Revelation, as if to leave the impression in full force upon the minds of his people through all ages of his Church, he repeats those names, and puts the whole together: I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last, Revelation 22:13. ‘I am the Alpha and the Omega,’ says the Lord God, ‘who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.’. BibliographyPett, Peter. Angels, who are so prominent in Revelation, are the instruments that God uses to temporarily suspend judgment on the earth. A second is to be added, Exodus 6:3 : I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, באל שדי, as a God abounding in all good things: but under My name Jehovah I was not made known to them. Bible study in Revelation 1:1-8. Being the fullness of Him who is bone of our bone and flesh of our flesh, it is altogether suitable, so that no one can say there is not in it provision to suit my need. Revelation 1:17, Revelation 2:8. To suppose that the words are spoken by the Father is to introduce a thought not strictly corresponding to what precedes. 1974. Revelation 4:8; and afterwards, ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν; and finally, ὁ ὤν. The third creature had a face like a man (Revelation 4:7). et corrupt, c. 11. “ I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to … The words that follow in the latter part of the verse unfold what is contained in the "Lord God;" and with a twofold respect corresponding to each: "Who is, and who was, and who comes," the substance of the Lord; and "the Almighty," the substance of God. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". It contains "unsearchable riches." Everything finds its answer in Him. In a few critical helps, after the Alpha and the Omega, there is introduced from the parallel passages: the beginning and the end. Commentary on Revelation 11:14-19 (Read Revelation 11:14-19) The announcement of these divine titles forms a fitting conclusion to the introduction. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, said the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. This is the full name, when its various parts are put together. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Hence we find the Lord taking to himself these attributes, as so many standards of character, in confirmation of his Godhead. At a time when local oracles (for the famous one of Apollo near Miletus, see Friedlander, iii, 561 f.), besides those in Greece and Syria and Egypt, were eagerly frequented, it was of moment to lay stress on what had superseded all such media for the faithful. "A weighing of evidence, especially in light of the OT "flavor" of the expression and a recollection that the Father in the OT refers to Himself as "I am" (i.e, the Tetragrammaton, Exodus 3:14; cf. That is, I will be to the Israelites the character which, by the very fact, I will be in regard to their fathers, both what I said to them I would be, and what it behoves Me to be to them, namely, by now at length fulfilling the promise which I formerly gave. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. There is no real incongruity in supposing, also, that the writer here meant to refer to God as such, since the introduction of a reference to him would not be inappropriate to his manifest design. The name אהיה, afterwards swelling out into the name יהוה, transmitted at the same time the same meaning of the future to the name יהוה, so that in the very form of the name the future might be conspicuous, and from thence there might be an advance to the present with the past. Thus He is declaring Himself to be the beginning and the ending, the One Who sums up everything in Himself from start to finish. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, which is, which was, and is to come. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Romans 9:5. (6) A confirmation of the greeting earlier, taken from the words of God himself: in which he affirms his operation in every single creature, the immutable eternity that is in himself, and his omnipotence in all things: and concludes in the unity of his own essence, that Trinity of persons which was spoken of before. In Christ is the fullness of all CREATION. The best texts read Κύριος ὁ Θεὸς the Lord the God. For here we have the "long-suffering" and the "salvation" of which Paul and James and Peter speak in their epistles—"The Lord is very pitiful and of tender mercy;" "not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance;" "who will have all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever. He does not say, I will be what I was, I will be what I am; but אהיה אשר אהיה, I will be what I will be: where there is implied the declaration of a benefit to be almost immediately bestowed. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Revelation 1:8. It is plain therefore that the name יהוה adds to the meaning of the name אהיה something beyond the mere difference between the first and third person; since first of all the Lord called Himself I shall be, and presently afterwards He began to call Himself by the habitual title, He shall be—Being—He was. None is before, none after. V. In Christ is the fullness of all POWER. See more. How large and excellent! I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is, and who was, and comes, the Almighty. 1. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth." Baal Hatturim in Deuteronomy 33.21. Such being the ease, the Heb. : Genesis 4:26; Genesis 13:4; Genesis 14:22; Genesis 15:2; Genesis 15:7, etc. 1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to him, to show his servants what must happen soon. Only here and in Revelation 21:5 f. is God introduced as the speaker, in the Apocalypse. Jesus calls Himself “Alpha and Omega” four times in the Book of Revelation. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". The names of enemies are expressed in the twofold idiom: and previously the name of the Lord God Himself is expressed in a twofold manner. The texts read "LORD God" (see App-4). He is "the first and the last." The last Bible book stresses these qualities of God as does the first Bible book. Public Domain. AR 29. Alpha and Omega—The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and so expressing the literal thought “the beginning and the ending,” which by a false reading is wrongly found in this verse, transferred from Revelation 21:6, where it rightly belongs. American Tract Society. Revelation 6:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Revelation 6:8, NIV: "I looked, and there before me was a pale horse!Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. ... Jesus began the book of Revelation calling himself the Alpha and Omega in Revelation 1:8. 1966. And He is the Almighty (compare 2 Corinthians 6:18). Revelation 4:8 He is said to be ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος, where, in the natural order of the times, the four beasts celebrate the praises of the Lord in a summary form of expression, as He has exhibited Himself, and does, and will exhibit Himself. KJV Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. 'I am the Alpha and the Omega'-the first and last letters of the alphabet. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-1.html. & Bartenora in ib. Verse 3 tells us that the dwelling place of God is now with humans. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-1.html. [Note: Thomas, Revelation 1-7 , pp80 , 81. And thus the meaning of the future prevailed in אהיה, including both a recapitulation of the revelations and promises of God, which had been given to the fathers, and a declaration of the event now to be exhibited, by the bringing the people out of Egypt. Besides, a portion of the language used here, "which is, and was, and is to come," is what would more naturally suggest a reference to God as such, than to the Lord Jesus Christ. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. 1 The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. 1909-1922. The Rabbinical writers used the phrase from Aleph to Tav, to signify completely, from beginning to end. In Christ is the fullness of WISDOM and KNOWLEDGE. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/revelation-1.html. We listen here not to the voice of Christ as man, but God Himself is the speaker. (7:1-8) The Withholding of Judgment (1-3) Immediately after the cry, “who is able to stand,” John sees four angels standing at the four corners of the earth. The LXX. It also presents the triune God as Lord of time (past, present, and future), faithful to His promises, and powerful enough to bring these events to pass. The eternal past is His; and His is the eternal future. 1, 2. and his anxiety will disappear. He is the end, as he brings all the things which are here revealed to a complete and glorious conclusion. And this is said at a time when the Lord had been using the same language as is here used saying: I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. Revelation 1:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Revelation 1:8, NIV: "I am the Alpha and the Omega,' says the Lord God, 'who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.'" This Name having been proclaimed to Moses, throughout the same vision, and afterwards throughout the whole writing of the Old Testament, the name יהוה is mentioned. I am Alpha, and Omega. "E.W. I am Alpha and Omega, saith the Lord — Alpha is the first, Omega the last letter in the Greek alphabet. the Almighty; as he appears to be, by creating all things but of nothing; by upholding all creatures in their beings; by the miracles he wrought on earth; by the resurrection of himself from the dead; by obtaining eternal redemption for his people; and by his having the care and government of them upon him, whom he keeps, upholds, bears, and carries to the end, through all their infirmities, afflictions, temptations, and trials. Jesus stands beside you; He presents you with Himself. BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. Eschatology is a posture of trust in God and God’s work. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". In Christ, Genesis, the Alpha of the Old Testament, and Revelation, the Omega of the New Testament, meet together: the last book presenting to us man and God reconciled in Paradise, as the first book presented man at the beginning innocent and in God's favor in Paradise. Go to, "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty. The symbolism which is here put in a Greek form had been developed in rabbinic speculation upon תא. Isaiah , was and is to come has the same meaning as in verse4. For the epithet ὁ παντοκρά τωρ is never put, without either θεὸ ς or Jehovah immediately preceding. Revelation is thus a radical way to shape how we relate to God and one another today. & Yalkut Simeoni, par. I am Alpha and Omega, saith the Lord — Alpha. "Macmas and Mezonicha (names of places) are , "Alpha for fine flour"; that is, the best fine flour is there, they are the chief places for it: and again. KJV: King James Version Grotius and Bengelius read, λεγει κυριος ο θεος, saith the Lord God a reading with which the Vulgate accords, having, it seems, understood the verse as spoken by the Father. "Almighty" used singly, or in conjunction with other names, occurs about sixty times, half of these instances in the ancient book of Job. yea, there is no God; I know not any! The dignity of the speaker and the character of His utterances demand profound attention. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Omitted in 'Aleph (') A B C, through in the Vulgate and Coptic. 1851. Alpha is the first letter in the Greek Alphabet, and Omega the last. Bibliography"Commentary on Revelation 1:8". The pronoun I refers to Christ because he is the one who is to come in the clouds. It is the unfolding of the one name, Jehovah; for as the sunbeam is composed of many parts and colors, so is this great name "Jehovah" divisible into such parts as the above, which proclaim to us the manifold fullness of God, and reveal to us His divine character and nature as the infinite and eternal Lord. John begins His book by reminding his readers of whom and what Christ is, His supremacy, and… In this respect He is "the Alpha." Cf. He is the "Almighty.". § 23. Cf. Transcribers probably inserted the clause from Re 21:6. Revelation 1:8. This symbolises that Jesus was a human being, "the Son of Man".A significant feature of Jesus’s life on earth was that he lived lowly without earthly wealth (Matthew 8:20).. 2 Third Rider —on Black Horse. REVELATION 1:8. The word we render “Almighty” (perhaps rather meaning “of all might”) does not correspond to the word “Shaddai” which we translate “Almighty” in the Old Testament. Isaiah 48:12), tips the balance ever so slightly to the side of concluding that God the Father speaks in Revelation 1:8.... "God"s declaration in Revelation 1:8 thus ends with a note of authority. This whole introduction points to the main event of the following Revelation , the return of Jesus Christ at His second coming ( Revelation 19:11-16). BibliographyTorrey, R. A. These and other blemishes are corrected in the Revised Version of 1881. Always the same: before the dragon, the beast, false prophet, and all foes. II. And these words are appropriated to this purpose, because they begin with the first and the last letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and so fitly indicate in what character the Alpha and Omega here come into consideration—only in respect to their place in the alphabet. There follows now in Revelation 1:8 the second introductory statement of what the prophet had to say for the consolation of the church in its faint and distressed condition. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Sabbat, fol. He is the One Who ‘forms the mountains and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, who makes the morning darkness and treads on the high places of the earth, the Lord, the God of hosts is his name’ (Amos 4:13). "R. Joseph taught, do not read "my sanctuary", but "sanctified ones", these are the children of men who confirm "the whole law", , "from Aleph to Tau"; the same as from Alpha to Omega, or from one end to the other: and a little after. Compare Isaiah 44:6. We must, therefore, find that it is Christ who speaks: yet Christ reinforced by, identified with, and speaking for, the whole Trinity. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-1.html. "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". Let his enemies boast and rage ever so much in the intermediate time, yet he is both the Alpha, or beginning, and the Omega, or end, of all things. It is the ascription to Christ of one of the special and incommunicable names of Godhead. (s) Misn. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-1.html. Read Revelation 1:8 commentary using A Testimony of Jesus Christ. It will, however, as Doddridge observes, be difficult to give sufficient proof that the words of this verse were spoken by the Father. 1871-8. Let his enemies boast and rage ever so much in the intermediate time, yet he is both the Alpha, or beginning, and the Omega, or end, of all things. The omnipotent one will surely implement what His prophet has predicted by way of future judgment." The Lamb opens the first seal. A crown was given to the rider and he came out conquering and to conquer. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". The name יהוה is read of old, before the times of Moses, and mentioned in such a manner that we may be assured that Moses did not, from an idiom arising not until his own time, introduce the expression into the times of Enoch, Abraham, etc. 52. To Him as the end all gravitate. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, a 2 who gives witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ by reporting what he saw. Which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty: see Revelation 1:4: He addeth the Almighty, to show that he was able to make his words good. Most certainly there is no other utterer than he that cometh, in Revelation 1:7. As ‘the One Who is’ He controls history and destinies, as ‘the One Who was’ He created all things and fashioned history, as the One Who ‘is coming’ He sums up the future. (8) I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. There is none that comes before, neither any that comes after. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-1.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/revelation-1.html. On the white horse was a rider holding a bow. He speaks of Himself, but in new figures, and in a new style of language. In Genesis , Moses also emphasized God"s power and faithfulness more than any other of His attributes. Minuc. LORD. Accordingly Bengelius’s note is, “God is the beginning, as he is the Author and Creator of all things, and as he proposes, declares, and promises such great things. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Almost all the other visions have respect to the external state of the church. (8) The beginning and the ending.—These words are of doubtful authority; they are in all probability taken from Revelation 22:13, and interpolated here. Revelation is not about bold predictions about days yet to come. Alpha and Omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet (the language in which the New Testament was written). John was fully convinced that Christ would triumph over the forces of Satan and his work… It must be remembered that the excellent and, in general, godly men, who translated the Scriptures in 1611 had not the advantages of their successors in 1881. 3. I am the Alpha and the Omega. This same phrase is used of God the Father in Revelation 1:4; and is a further proof of the deity of Christ; and which is still more confirmed by the following character. Verse 4. 2:1-3:22). 'Aleph (') A B C read, 'the Lord God.'. Joseph Benson's Commentary. Echa Rabbati, fol. ), nor the Alexandrian Codex were available to the translators of our noble Authorised Version. & 12. And when the great day of His wrath is come, who shall be able to stand? Afterwards He Himself expresses the name, commanding Moses to say, אהיה I WILL BE hath sent me. 8. Alpha and Omega; these are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and by thus applying them to himself, Christ shows that he is the cause and end of all things. He is ‘the Almighty’. Almighty—Hebrew, "Shaddai," and "Jehovah Sabaoth," that is, "of hosts"; commanding all the hosts or powers in heaven and earth, so able to overcome all His Church's foes. With this and the following passage, cf. Almighty App-98. Revelation 22:13, we have the whole three, Alpha and Omega, first and last, beginning and end. that Isaiah , the first and the last. The principle purpose for the writing is to encourage and chastise them for how they were running their churches (Rev. These, the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, signify the same as what follows, the beginning, and the end, the first cause and last end of all intelligent beings, who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty: These words agree only to him, who is the true God, and here are applied to our blessed Redeemer, who is to come and judge all. κατἡγωρ, κατηγορῶν. Let the Reader compare the scriptures, and he must be led to see, that the language is one and the same, and from the same Almighty speaker, Isaiah 44:6-8; see also Isaiah 41:4 and Isaiah 48:12. What a blessed verse is here! What a calm to the soul amidst the rush of life! Luther follows here a double false reading. See Revelation 1:4. The designations of God serve the purpose of tracing up to a necessity in the divine nature the declaration, that he will maintain his supremacy, as at the beginning, so also at the end. Here the voice of the Son of God breaks in and interrupts the utterance of the apostle. Again, the beginning and end of a thing is, in Scripture, styled the whole thing. "God, as the old tradition declares, holding in His hand the beginning, middle, and end of all that is" (Plato, "Laws," 715). "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". The infinity of time belongs to Him; He is Himself that infinity. God is not only Lord of the future. Isaiah 46:9-10 both eternal and unchangeable. The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet - the beginning and the end (Isaiah 41:4). Let the passage he looked to, Exodus 15:3, and the whole of that song. The word is nowhere found in the other books of the New Testament, excepting in 2 Corinthians 6:18, with an express reference to a passage in Isaiah. We are not to understand it of simple existence. evade this word in the Pentateuch, even in Exodus 6:8 and parallel passages; it is never translated by παντοκράτωρ except in the Book of Job. Past, present, and future are His. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Toggle navigation. (Witham). c He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 2 d who bore witness to the word of God and to e the testimony of Jesus Christ, even f to all that he saw. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. 4. Revelation 1:8. If any one finds the end a cause of vexation, let him only lose himself in the beginning; let him dive into the word, "Before the mountains were brought forth, etc." These first four seals reveal what has been commonly called, “The four horsemen of the apocalypse.” We read about these horses and riders in Zechariah 1:7-11 and Zechariah 6:1-8. Is-was-is to come; a description of Christ as Jehovah, self-existent, unchangeable, and eternal. John strengthened this point further with present, past, and future references (cf. — "I am the Alpha and the Omega, saith the Lord God, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty." John frequently used "Almighty" as a key name for God in Revelation ( Revelation 1:8; Revelation 4:8; Revelation 11:17; Revelation 15:3; Revelation 16:7; Revelation 16:14; Revelation 19:6; Revelation 19:15; Revelation 21:22). We may thus set them in order—, I. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". It is of this fullness that He Himself speaks elsewhere, when he says, "I counsel you to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that you may be rich; and white clothing, that you may be clothed; and eye-salve with which to anoint your eyes, that you may see.". 5. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bch/revelation-1.html. the papyrus of Ani (E. B. D. 12): “He leadeth in his train that which is and that which is not yet.… Homage to thee, King of kings, and Lord of lords, who from the womb of Nut hast ruled the world and Akert [the Egyptian Hades]. Jehovah the only God, the sole possessor of Godhead, Jehovah besides whom there is no God and no Saviour—comp. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End. 14:10 f., where the warning of the world’s near close is followed by an injunction to the prophet to “set thine house in order, reprove thy people, console the humble among them”; whereupon the commission to write under inspiration is given. "Who was, and who is, and who is to come." So Christ, he is the Alpha and Omega, the first and last, the chief, the whole of things; as of the covenant of grace, he is the first and last of it, he is the Mediator, surety, and messenger of it, and the ratifier and confirmer of it, he is the covenant itself, all its blessings and promises are in him; he is the sum and substance of the Scriptures, both of the law and of the Gospel; he is the fulfilling end of the law, and he is the subject matter of the Gospel; he stands in the first verse in Genesis, and in the last of the Revelation; he is the Alpha and Omega, the first and last, the whole and all in the business of salvation, in the affair of justification before God, in the sanctification of his people, in their adoption, and eternal glorification; he stands first and last in the book of God's purposes and decrees, in the book of the covenant, in the book of the creatures, or creation, being the first cause, and last end of all things, in the book of Providence, and in the book of the Scriptures: likewise, as these two letters include all the rest, this phrase may be expressive of the perfection of Christ, who as God has the fulness of the Godhead, all the perfections of the divine nature in him; and, as man, is in all things made like unto his brethren; and, as Mediator, has all fulness of power, wisdom, grace, and righteousness in him, in whom all the saints are complete; and this may also denote his eternity, he having none before him, nor any after him; and which also is signified by some other following expressions: the beginning and the ending; the Alexandrian copy, the Complutensian edition, the Syriac and Ethiopic versions, leave out this; which seems to be explanative of the former clause, Alpha being the beginning of the alphabet, and Omega the ending of it; and properly belongs to Christ, who knows no beginning, nor will he have any end with respect to time, being from everlasting to everlasting; and agrees with him as the first cause of all things, both of the old and new creation, and the last end to which they are all referred, being made for his pleasure, honour, and glory: these things now. "I am the Alpha and the Omega" — first and last letters of the Greek alphabet — would intimate His relationship to creation. § 26. The great question which then agitated the minds of believers, was about the superiority—whether the world would maintain the ascendancy, which it then claimed and seemed to possess; or whether it should belong to the God of the Christians. 1685. Alpha and Omega are the first and last letters in the Greek alphabet, as Aleph and Tau are in the Hebrew alphabet: the meaning of these is expounded. Revelation 1:8 KJV I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. The first word, Apokalypsis (revelation), gives this book its title. Next we are introduced to the divine greatness of the speaker, who is none other than the Lord God of the Old Testament (Genesis 2:1-25, etc.). Wisdom beyond that of all Greek philosophy is in Him; "in Him are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.". We are carried back to the first chapter of the Gospel of John, and the first chapter of the first Epistle of John; yet the language is not the same. § 21. God is the source, the beginning of all truth revealed, of all promise given, and of all testimony committed to men. What more could you ask or need than this? The Almighty. BibliographyZerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". The third member of the text, "which is to come," would at first sight seem to indicate an actual coming, but it is not so. And that the slaying of the witnesses is future, appears to be probable. In Christ is the fullness of all TIME. It is God"s provision for the needy. 1. It occurs often in Revelation, but nowhere else in the New Testament save 2Co 6:18, a quotation from Isaiah. But in the Apocalypse the order is inverted by an elegance of construction not to be despised, except by the supercilious; and in ch. God confirmed the preceding forecast with a solemn affirmation of His eternity and omnipotence. 147, says, “Adam transgressed the whole law, from Aleph to Tov.”. "The Bible Study New Testament". It is a fullness which eye has not seen nor ear heard. But here, ch. God's Word ... And this is interesting, because many of us have the feeling that the meaning of Revelation is hidden! AR 10. So suitable was the language of the Old Testament. The Almighty - An appellation often applied to God, meaning that he has all power, and used here to denote that he is able to accomplish what is disclosed in this book. The Almighty—Who speaks here, God or Christ? Ep. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-1.html. These things saith the first and the last - See the notes on Revelation 1:8, Revelation 1:17.. “John.” The human author is John the Apostle (1:4a). The one, “who is, and who was and who is to come” is clearly identified from the context. "God" after "Lord" is also an important omission. Revelation 4:8; Revelation 4:11 whose name is JEHOVAH. Our course, our testing lie between these points, God the Alpha and God the Omega. Revelation definition, the act of revealing or disclosing; disclosure. He is the same Jesus, with unchanged heart, and undiminished love, bending in grace and pity over this earth, "His well-beloved world;" as it has been called. 1952. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Here the voice of the Eternal, and at once the murmur within and the din without are stilled. Who is the Lord God? Jeremiah 23:6 God over all blessed for ever. GNT Revelation 1:8 Ἐγώ εἰμι τὸ Ἄλφα καὶ τὸ Ὦ, λέγει κύριος ὁ θεός, ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος, ὁ παντοκράτωρ. & Raziel, fol. 1859. In this fullness there is something infinitely attractive. He is called "The everlasting Father" in Isaiah 9:6, and it can be understood only because of His relation to the Deity. The God of the Jews and Gentiles is described by a Greek and Hebrew name. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-1.html. At this point God is seen as dramatically stepping in to make His declaration over the whole revelation, reinforcing John’s words in Revelation 1:4. Alpha and omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet and signify here God"s comprehensive control over all things including time. 1897. Luther follows here a double false reading. Therefore in the time of Moses He called Himself as it were afresh, אהיה, I will be. There follows now in Revelation 1:8 the second introductory statement of what the prophet had to say for the consolation of the church in its faint and distressed condition. Is there a God beside me? § 27. Revelation 1:8. When the seal is opened, one of the four living creatures said with a voice that sounded like thunder, “Come!” The first seal reveals a white horse. The word means the all-powerful One, the Omnipotent One. (b) there can be no doubt that the same language is applied to him in Revelation 1:11. It may now be asked, in what respect God is here called the Alpha and the Omega? But notice Colossians 1:15-16). The words are thus highly important as witnessing to the true Divinity of Christ, and in particular to His possessing the same eternity as the Almighty. Many mss., instead of "Lord," κυρίος kurios, read "God," Θεὸς Theos and this reading is adopted by Griesbach, Tittman, and Hahn, and is now regarded as the correct reading. The Expositor's Greek Testament. I am Alpha and Omega, saith the Lord — Alpha is the first, Omega the last letter in the Greek alphabet. In verse 4 this name is given to the Father; now it is given to the Son, or rather to Jesus Christ—"the Christ of God," the "Word made flesh.". As the Creator of the vast universe; as the sustainer of all being; as the Redeemer of His Church; as "the Lord strong in battle;" as "able to save to the uttermost," "mighty to save;" as the binder of Satan; as the destroyer of Antichrist; as the renewer of the earth—He is Almighty. on Jehovah Elohim my Betir. the Beginning and the End, says the Lord, The use of Alpha and Omega with the “first and last” defines its meaning. Then He made for Himself an eternal name, by the transaction itself: Isaiah 63:12. § 28. The Introductory section is followed by a narrative, Revelation 1:9-20, telling how John had received from Christ the commission to write to the seven churches, and containing an extended representation of the appearance of Christ, which was admirably fitted to prepare the minds of men for the contents of the epistles—to dispose sinners to repentance, and to kindle hope in the bosoms of the desponding. The Alpha as the first and the Omega as the last letter in the Greek alphabet, denotes the beginning and the end. There is no real incongruity in supposing, also, that the writer here meant to refer to God as such, since the introduction of a reference to him would not be inappropriate to his manifest design. 55. For although the noun יהוה itself might be expressed by Greek letters, yet it never was so expressed among the people of God. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 2 who testifies to everything he saw—that is, the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. BibliographyHengstenberg, Ernst. BibliographyWallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Revelation 1:8 8 x “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, y “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.” Read more Share Copy He is living eternity. de gener. Constantly in the Septuagint. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-1.html. The unity of the whole passage is only preserved by ascribing them to the exalted and glorified Redeemer. Always the same; before the dragon, the beast, false prophet, and all foes.

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